ISOLATION AND PARTIAL CHARACTERIZATION OF RAT BRAIN SYNAPTIC PLASMA MEMBRANES1

Authors


  • 1

    The present work was supported by Research Grant NS 08309 from the National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke, U.S. Public Health Service. H.R.M. is the recipient of a Research Career Award No. K06 5060 from the Institute of General Medical Sciences.

  • 2

    Publication No. 2330.

Abstract

Abstract— Synaptic plasma membranes from the cortices of adult rat brain were isolated from synaptosomes prepared by flotation of a washed mitochondrial pellet (P2) in a discontinuous Ficoll-sucrose gradient. Contamination of the synaptosome fraction by microsomes was estimated by enzymic and chemical analysis to be less than 15 per cent. (2) The purified synaptosome fraction was subjected to osmotic shock, subfractionated on a discontinuous sucrose gradient and the distribution of enzymic and chemical markers for synaptic plasma membranes, microsomal membranes and mitochondria was determined. (3) Comparison of synaptosome subfractions prepared in the presence and absence of 1 mM NaH2 PO4/0.1 mM EDTA buffer pH 7.5, indicated that the ionic composition of the isolation medium markedly affected the distribution and enzymic composition of the subfractions. (4) Synaptic plasma membranes prepared in the presence of PO4/EDTA exhibited a 10-fold enrichment in [Na++ K+] ATPase and were characterized by less than 15 and 10 per cent contamination by microsomes and mitochondria respectively. (5) The polypeptide composition of the purified synaptic plasma membranes was compared with the microsomes and mitochondria by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in sodium dodecyl sulphate. No differences between the protein and glycoprotein composition of the synaptic plasma membranes and microsomes were detected. The mitochondria, in contrast, possessed a unique protein composition.

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