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Abstract: Brain tissue was obtained at autopsy from nine cirrhotic patients dying in hepatic coma and from an equal number of controls, free from neurological, psychiatric, or hepatic diseases, matched for age and time interval from death to freezing of dissected brain samples. Glutamine, glutamate, aspartame, and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) levels were measured in homogenates of cerebral cortex (prefrontal and frontal), caudate nuclei, hypothalamus, cerebellum (cortex and vermis), and medulla oblongata as their O-phthalaldehyde derivatives by HPLC using fluorescence detection. Glutamine concentrations were found to be elevated two- to fourfold in all brain structures, the largest increases being observed in prefrontal cortex and medulla oblongata. Glutamate levels were selectively decreased in prefrontal cortex (by 20%), caudate nuclei (by 27%), and cerebellar vermis (by 17%) from cirrhotic patients. On the other hand, GABA content of autopsied brain tissue from these patients was found to be within normal limits in all brain structures. It is suggested that such region-selective reductions of glutamate may reflect loss of the amino acid from the releasable (neurotransmitter) pool. These findings may be of significance in the pathogenesis of hepatic encephalopathy resulting from chronic liver disease. Key Words: Hepatic encephalopathy—Hyperammonemia— Cerebral amino acids—Glutamine—Glutamate—γ-Aminobutyric acid. Lavoie J. et al. Amino acid changes in autopsied brain tissue from cirrhotic patients with hepatic encephalopathy.