Abstract: A series of l-phenyl-1H-3-benzazepine analogues were assessed for enantiomeric and structure-affinity relationships at human putamen D-1 dopamine receptors labelled with [3H]SCH 23390. Substitution at the 7-position of both 3-H and 3-methyl benzazepine molecules critically affected affinity for these receptors over a 500-fold range. The general rank order of potency of 7-substituents was Cl = Br ≫ CH3 > OH ≥ H. 3-Methyl substituents increased the affinity of 7-H and 7-OH compounds two- to fivefold compared to desmethyl counterparts. The displacement of [3H]SCH 23390 binding showed substantial enantioselec-tivity; the R-enantiomer of SKF 83566 was 500-fold more potent that its S-antipode. However, the displacement of [3H]spiperone binding from D-2 sites in the same tissue showed negligible enantioselectivity. Through such structure-affinity relationships, these studies may help to define the topography of the human brain D-1 dopamine receptor and guide the design of more selecive agents for functional studies.