• Tribulin;
  • Isatin;
  • Endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitor;
  • Endogenous benzodiazepine receptor ligand

Abstract: Purified tribulin, an endogenous monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor, has been identified by direct probe insertion mass spectrometry as the indole-2,3-dione, isatin. A gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric assay for isatin has been developed and used to measure its relatively high concentrations in unpurified human urine, and in rat heart and brain. Isatin is a known compound with a broad range of biological activity; this is the first report of its presence in the animal body. Isatin is a potent inhibitor of MAO, particularly of MAO B (IC50, 3 μM), and also binds to central benzodiazepine receptors (IC50 against clonazepam, 123 μM).