Abstract: Cytosolic malic enzyme (EC 188.8.131.52) was purified from bovine brain 5,600-fold to a specific activity of 47 U/mg. The enzyme is a homotetramer with a subunit molecular mass of 60 kDa and an isoelectric point of 6.2. Mouse monoclonal antibodies raised against this enzyme were purified and shown to be monospecific, as indicated by immunoblotting. Immunocytochemical examination of rat astroglia-rich primary cultures at the light microscopic level revealed colocalization of cytosolic malic enzyme with the astroglial marker glial fibrillary acidic protein. Also, a colocalization with the oligodendroglial marker myelin basic protein was found. Neurons in rat neuron-rich primary cultures did not show positive staining. The data suggest that cytosolic malic enzyme is a glial enzyme and is lacking in neurons.