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[3H]Adenosine Transport in Synaptoneurosomes of Postmortem Human Brain


Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr. J. D. Geiger at Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Manitoba Faculty of Medicine, 770 Bannatyne Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3E 0W3 Canada.


Abstract: Abstract: [3H]Adenosine transport was characterized in cerebral cortical synaptoneurosomes prepared from postmortem human brain using an inhibitor-stop/centrifugation method. The adenosine transport inhibitors dipyridamole and dilazep completely and rapidly blocked transmembrane fluxes of [3H]adenosine. For 5-s incubations, two kinetically distinguishable processes were identified, i.e., a high-affinity adenosine transport system with Kt and Vmax values of 89 μM and 0.98 nmol/min/mg of protein, respectively, and a low-affinity adenosine transport system that did not appear to be saturable. For incubations with 1 μM [3H]adenosine as substrate, intrasynaptoneurosomal concentrations of [3H]adenosine were 0.26 μM at 5 s and 1 μM at 600 s. Metabolism of accumulated [3H]adenosine to adenine nucleotides was 15% for 5-s, 23% for 15-s, 34% for 30-s, 43% for 60-s, and 80% for 600-s incubations. The concentrations (μM) of total accumulated 3H-purines ([3H]-adenosine plus metabolites) at these times were 0.3, 0.5, 1.0, 1.3 and 5.6, respectively. These results indicate that in the presence of extensive metabolism, the intrasynaptoneurosomal accumulation of 3H-purines was higher than the initial concentration of 1 μM [3H]adenosine in the reaction medium. For 5-, 15-, 30-, 60-, and 600-s incubations in the presence of the adenosine deaminase inhibitor EHNA and the adenosine kinase inhibitor 5′-iodotubercidin, metabolism of the transported [3H]adenosine was 14, 14, 16, 14, and 38%, respectively. During these times, total 3H-purine accumulation was 0.3, 0.5, 0.5, 0.7, and 1.8 μM, respectively. Thus, the apparently “concentrative'’accumulation of 3H-purines can be prevented by inhibition of adenosine metabolism and, taken together, these results suggest that adenosine transport in at least synaptoneurosomes prepared from postmortem human brain is via a nonconcentrative and equilibrative system.