SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Abbott N. J., Hughes C. C., Revest P. A. and Greenwood J. (1992) Development and characterisation of a rat brain capillary endothelial culture: towards an in vitro blood–brain barrier. J. Cell Sci. 103, 2337.
  • Amberger A., Bauer H., Tontsch U., Gabbiani G., Kocher O. and Bauer H. C. (1991) Reversible expression of sm α-actin protein and sm α-actin mRNA in cloned cerebral endothelial cells. FEBS Lett. 287, 223225.
  • Antonelli-Orlidge A., Smith S. R. and D'Amore P. A. (1989) Influence of pericytes on capillary endothelial cell growth. Am. Rev. Respir. Dis. 140, 11291131.
  • Arndt S., Seebach J., Psathaki K., Galla H. J. and Wegener J. (2004) Bioelectrical impedance assay to monitor changes in cell shape during apoptosis. Biosens. Bioelectron 19, 583594.
  • Bowman P. D., Betz A. L., Ar D., Wolinsky J. S., Penney J. B., Shivers R. R. and Goldstein G. W. (1981) Primary culture of capillary endothelium from rat brain. In Vitro 17, 353362.
  • Bowman P. D., Betz A. L. and Goldstein G. W. (1982) Primary culture of microvascular endothelial cells from bovine retina: selective growth using fibronectin-coated substrate and plasma-derived serum. In Vitro 18, 626632.
  • Brightman M. W. and Reese T. S. (1969) Junctions between intimately apposed cell membranes in the vertebrate brain. J. Cell Biol. 40, 648677.
  • Carson M. P. and Haudenschild C. C. (1986) Microvascular endothelium and pericytes: high yield, low passage cultures. In Vitro Cell Dev. Biol. 22, 344354.
  • Chen Z., Zandonatti M., Jakubowski D. and Fox H. S. (1998) Brain capillary endothelial cells express MBEC1, a protein that is related to the Clostridium perfringens enterotoxin receptors. Lab. Invest. 78, 353363.
  • Deli M. A. and Joo F. (1996) Cultured vascular endothelial cells of the brain. Keio J. Med. 45, 183199.
  • Deli M. A., Dehouck M. P., Abraham C. S., Cecchelli R. and Joo F. (1995) Penetration of small molecular weight substances through cultured bovine brain capillary endothelial cell monolayers: the early effects of cyclic adenosine 3′,5′-monophosphate. Exp. Physiol. 80, 675678.
  • Deli M. A., Abraham C. S., Niwa M. and Falus A. (2003) N,N-diethyl-2-[4-(phenylmethyl) phenoxy]ethanamine increases the permeability of primary mouse cerebral endothelial cell monolayers. Inflamm. Res. 52, S39S40.
  • Demeuse P., Kerkhofs A., Struys-Ponsar C., Knoops B., Remacle C. and Van Den Bosch de Aguilar P. (2002) Compartmentalized co-culture of rat brain endothelial cells and astrocytes: a syngenic model to study the blood–brain barrier. J. Neurosci. Meth. 121, 2131.
  • Dohgu S., Takata F., Yamauchi A., Nakagawa S., Egawa T., Naito M., Tsuruo T., Sawada Y., Niwa M. and Kataoka Y. (2005) Brain pericytes contribute to the induction and up-regulation of blood–brain barrier functions through transforming growth factor-β production. Brain Res. 1038, 208215.
  • Dore-Duffy P. (2003) Isolation and characterization of cerebral microvascular pericytes. Meth. Mol. Med. 89, 375382.
  • Forster C., Silwedel C., Golenhofen N., Burek M., Kietz S., Mankertz J. and Drenckhahn D. (2005) Occludin as direct target for glucocorticoid-induced improvement of blood–brain barrier properties in a murine in vitro system. J. Physiol. 565, 475486.
  • Gaillard P. J. and De Boer A. G. (2000) Relationship between permeability status of the blood–brain barrier and in vitro permeability coefficient of a drug. Eur. J. Pharm. Sci. 12, 95102.
  • Giese H., Mertsch K. and Blasig I. E. (1995) Effect of MK-801 and U83836E on a porcine brain capillary endothelial cell barrier during hypoxia. Neurosci. Lett. 191, 169172.
  • Gordon E. L., Danielsson P. E., Nguyen T. S. and Winn H. R. (1991) A comparison of primary cultures of rat cerebral microvascular endothelial cells to rat aortic endothelial cells. In Vitro Cell Dev. Biol. 27A, 312326.
  • Grabb P. A. and Gilbert M. R. (1995) Neoplastic and pharmacological influence on the permeability of an in vitro blood–brain barrier. J. Neurosurg. 82, 10531058.
  • Greenwood J. (1992) Characterization of a rat retinal endothelial cell culture and the expression of P-glycoprotein in brain and retinal endothelium in vitro. J. Neuroimmunol. 39, 123132.
  • Hatashita S. and Hoff J. T. (1990) Brain edema and cerebrovascular permeability during cerebral ischemia in rats. Stroke 21, 582588.
  • Haynes R. C. and Murad F. (1985) Adrenocorticotropic Hormone; Adrenocortical steroids and their synthetic Analogs; Inhibitors of Adrenocortical Steroid Biosynthesis, in The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics., 7th edn. (Gilman, A. G. G. L., Rall, T. W., Murad, F., eds), pp. 14591489. MacMillan, New York.
  • Hoheisel D., Nitz T., Franke H., Wegener J., Hakvoort A., Tilling T. and Galla H. J. (1998) Hydrocortisone reinforces the blood-brain properties in a serum free cell culture system. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 247, 312315.
  • Hori S., Ohtsuki S., Hosoya K., Nakashima E. and Terasaki T. (2004) A pericyte-derived angiopoietin-1 multimeric complex induces occludin gene expression in brain capillary endothelial cells through Tie-2 activation in vitro. J. Neurochem. 89, 503513.
  • Igarashi Y., Utsumi H., Chiba H. et al. (1999) Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor induces barrier function of endothelial cells forming the blood–brain barrier. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 261, 108112.
  • Janzer R. C. and Raff M. C. (1987) Astrocytes induce blood–brain barrier properties in endothelial cells. Nature 325, 253257.
  • Joo F. (1971) Increased production of coated vesicles in the brain capillaries during enhanced permeability of the blood–brain barrier. Br. J. Exp. Pathol. 52, 646649.
  • Kacem K., Lacombe P., Seylaz J. and Bonvento G. (1998) Structural organization of the perivascular astrocyte endfeet and their relationship with the endothelial glucose transporter: a confocal microscopy study. Glia 23, 110.
  • Karlson P., Doenecke D. and Kooman J. (1994) Biochemie Fur Mediziner und Naturwissenschaftler, pp. 417467. Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart.
  • Kis B., Deli M. A., Kobayashi H. et al. (2001) Adrenomedullin regulates blood–brain barrier functions in vitro. Neuroreport 12, 41394142.
  • Lee E. J., Hung Y. C. and Lee M. Y. (1999) Early alterations in cerebral hemodynamics, brain metabolism, and blood–brain barrier permeability in experimental intracerebral hemorrhage. J. Neurosurg. 91, 10131019.
  • Litman T., Druley T. E., Stein W. D. and Bates S. E. (2001) From MDR to MXR: new understanding of multidrug resistance systems, their properties and clinical significance. Cell Mol. Life Sci. 58, 931959.
  • Mertsch K., Haseloff R. F. and Blasig I. E. (1997) Investigations of Radical Scavengers by Using an In Vitro Model of the Blood–Brain Barrier, pp. 881886. Elsevier, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
  • Muruganandam A., Tanha J., Narang S. and Stanimirovic D. B. (2002) Selection of phage-displayed llama single-domain antibodies that transmigrate across human blood–brain barrier endothelium. FASEB J. 16, 240242.
  • Nitz T., Eisenblatter T., Psathaki K. and Galla H. J. (2003) Serum-derived factors weaken the barrier properties of cultured porcine brain capillary endothelial cells in vitro. Brain Res. 981, 3040.
  • Orlidge A. and D'Amore P. A. (1987) Inhibition of capillary endothelial cell growth by pericytes and smooth muscle cells. J. Cell Biol. 105, 14551462.
  • Panula P., Joo F. and Rechardt L. (1978) Evidence for the presence of viable endothelial cells in cultures derived from dissociated rat brain. Experientia 34, 9597.
  • Parkinson F. E. and Hacking C. (2005) Pericyte abundance affects sucrose permeability in cultures of rat brain microvascular endothelial cells. Brain Res. 1049, 814.
  • Perriere N., Demeuse P., Garcia E. et al. (2005) Puromycin-based purification of rat brain capillary endothelial cell cultures. Effect on the expression of blood–brain barrier-specific properties. J. Neurochem. 93, 279289.
  • Petty M. A. and Wettstein J. G. (2001) Elements of cerebral microvascular ischaemia. Brain Res. Brain Res. Rev. 36, 2334.
  • Reese T. S. and Karnovsky M. J. (1967) Fine structural localization of a blood–brain barrier to exogenous peroxidase. J. Cell Biol. 34, 207217.
  • Risau W., Engelhardt B. and Wekerle H. (1990) Immune function of the blood–brain barrier: incomplete presentation of protein (auto-) antigens by rat brain microvascular endothelium in vitro. J. Cell Biol. 110, 17571766.
  • Romero I. A., Radewicz K., Jubin E., Michel C. C., Greenwood J., Couraud P. O. and Adamson P. (2003) Changes in cytoskeletal and tight junctional proteins correlate with decreased permeability induced by dexamethasone in cultured rat brain endothelial cells. Neurosci. Lett. 344, 112116.
  • Rubin L. L., Hall D. E., Porter S. et al. (1991) A cell culture model of the blood–brain barrier. J. Cell Biol. 115, 17251735.
  • Sahagun G., Moore S. A., Fabry Z., Schelper R. L. and Hart M. N. (1989) Purification of murine endothelial cell cultures by flow cytometry using fluorescein-labeled griffonia simplicifolia agglutinin. Am. J. Pathol 134, 12271232.
  • Savettieri G., Di Liegro I., Catania C. et al. (2000) Neurons and ECM regulate occludin localization in brain endothelial cells. Neuroreport 11, 10811084.
  • Song L. and Pachter J. S. (2003) Culture of murine brain microvascular endothelial cells that maintain expression and cytoskeletal association of tight junction-associated proteins. In Vitro Cell Dev. Biol. Anim. 39, 313320.
  • Stanness K. A., Guatteo E. and Janigro D. (1996) A dynamic model of the blood–brain barrier ‘in vitro. Neurotoxicology 17, 481496.
  • Stewart P. A. and Wiley M. J. (1981) Developing nervous tissue induces formation of blood–brain barrier characteristics in invading endothelial cells: a study using quail–chick transplantation chimeras. Dev. Biol. 84, 183192.
  • Tao-Cheng J. H., Nagy Z. and Brightman M. W. (1987) Tight junctions of brain endothelium in vitro are enhanced by astroglia. J. Neurosci. 7, 32933299.
  • Tontsch U. and Bauer H. C. (1991) Glial cells and neurons induce blood–brain barrier-related enzymes in cultured cerebral endothelial cells. Brain Res. 539, 247253.
  • Vahl T. P., Ulrich-Lai Y. M., Ostrander M. M., Dolgas C. M., Elfers E. E., Seeley R. J., D'Alessio D. A. and Herman J. P. (2005) Comparative analysis of ACTH and corticosterone sampling methods in rats. Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00122.2005.
  • De Vries H. E., Blom-Roosemalen M. C., Van Oosten M., De Boer A. G., Van Berkel T. J., Breimer D. D. and Kuiper J. (1996) The influence of cytokines on the integrity of the blood–brain barrier in vitro. J. Neuroimmunol. 64, 3743.
  • Weidenfeller C., Schrot S., Zozulya A. and Galla H. J. (2005) Murine brain capillary endothelial cells exhibit improved barrier properties under the influence of hydrocortisone. Brain Res. 1053, 162174.
  • Zysk G., Schneider-Wald B. K., Hwang J. H., Bejo L., Kim K. S., Mitchell T. J., Hakenbeck R. and Heinz H. P. (2001) Pneumolysin is the main inducer of cytotoxicity to brain microvascular endothelial cells caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae. Infect. Immun. 69, 845852.