SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • free radical;
  • hydroxyl radical;
  • proteasome;
  • protein aggregation;
  • reactive oxygen species;
  • superoxide.

Abstract

The brain and nervous system are prone to oxidative stress, and are inadequately equipped with antioxidant defense systems to prevent ‘ongoing’ oxidative damage, let alone the extra oxidative damage imposed by the neurodegenerative diseases. Indeed, increased oxidative damage, mitochondrial dysfunction, accumulation of oxidized aggregated proteins, inflammation, and defects in protein clearance constitute complex intertwined pathologies that conspire to kill neurons. After a long lag period, therapeutic and other interventions based on a knowledge of redox biology are on the horizon for at least some of the neurodegenerative diseases.