SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Arshavsky V. Y., Lamb T. D. and Pugh E. N. Jr (2002) G proteins and phototransduction. Annu. Rev. Physiol. 64, 153187.
  • Asaoka Y., Mano H., Kojima D. and Fukada Y. (2002) Pineal expression-promoting element (PIPE), a cis-acting element, directs pineal-specific gene expression in zebrafish. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 99, 15 45615 461.
  • Baylor D. (1996) How photons start vision. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 93, 560565.
  • Bernard M., Klein D. C. and Zatz M. (1997) Chick pineal clock regulates serotonin N-acetyltransferase mRNA rhythm in culture. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 94, 304309.
  • Booth D. P., Hurwitz R. L. and Lolley R. N. (1991) Phosphodiesterase of cone photoreceptors from the lizard, Anolis carolinensis. J. Neurochem. 56, 19491956.
  • Bowmaker J. K. (1998) Evolution of colour vision in vertebrates. Eye 12, 541547.
  • Bradford M. M. (1976) A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding. Anal Biochem. 72, 248254.
  • Branchek T. and Bremiller R. (1984) The development of photoreceptors in the zebrafish, Brachydanio rerio. I. Structure. J. Comp Neurol. 224, 107115.
  • Casey P. J., Thissen J. A. and Moomaw J. F. (1991) Enzymatic modification of proteins with a geranylgeranyl isoprenoid. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 88, 86318635.
  • Chen C. K., Zhang K., Church-Kopish J., Huang W., Zhang H., Chen Y. J., Frederick J. M. and Baehr W. (2001) Characterization of human GRK7 as a potential cone opsin kinase. Mol Vis 7, 305313.
  • YuQ. M., Cheng Z. J., Gan X. Q., Bao G. B., Li L. and Pei G. (1999) The amino terminus with a conserved glutamic acid of G protein-coupled receptor kinases is indispensable for their ability to phosphorylate photoactivated rhodopsin. J. Neurochem. 73, 12221227.
  • Chinen A., Hamaoka T., Yamada Y. and Kawamura S. (2003) Gene duplication and spectral diversification of cone visual pigments of zebrafish. Genetics 163, 663675.
  • Clarke S. (1992) Protein isoprenylation and methylation at carboxyl-terminal cysteine residues. Annu. Rev. Biochem. 61, 35 5386.
  • Cobbs W. H., Barkdoll A. E. and 3rd Pugh E. N. Jr (1985) Cyclic GMP increases photocurrent and light sensitivity of retinal cones. Nature 317, 6466.
  • Cowan C. W., Fariss R. N., Sokal I., Palczewski K. and Wensel T. G. (1998) High expression levels in cones of RGS9, the predominant GTPase accelerating protein of rods. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 95, 53515356.
  • Fogg V. C., Azpiazu I., Linder M. E., Smrcka A., Scarlata S. and Gautam N. (2001) Role of the gamma subunit prenyl moiety in G protein beta gamma complex interaction with phospholipase Cbeta. J. Biol. Chem. 276, 41 79741 802.
  • Fu H. W. and Casey P. J. (1999) Enzymology and biology of CaaX protein prenylation. Recent Prog. Horm Res. 54, 315342; discussion 342–313.
  • Fukada Y., Okano T., Artamonov I. D. and Yoshizawa T. (1989) Chicken red-sensitive cone visual pigment retains a binding domain for transducin. FEBS Lett. 246, 6972.
  • Fukada Y., Takao T., Ohguro H., Yoshizawa T., Akino T. and Shimonishi Y. (1990) Farnesylated gamma-subunit of photoreceptor G protein indispensable for GTP-binding. Nature 346, 658660.
  • Gillespie P. G. and Beavo J. A. (1988) Characterization of a bovine cone photoreceptor phosphodiesterase purified by cyclic GMP-sepharose chromatography. J. Biol. Chem. 263, 81338141.
  • Hisatomi O., Matsuda S., Satoh T., Kotaka S., Imanishi Y. and Tokunaga F. (1998) A novel subtype of G-protein-coupled receptor kinase, GRK7, in teleost cone photoreceptors. FEBS Lett. 424, 159164.
  • Horner T. J., Osawa S., Schwaller M. D. and Weiss E. R. (2005) Phosphorylation of GRK1 and GRK7 by cAMP-dependent protein kinase attenuates their enzymatic activities. J. Biol. Chem. 280, 28 24128 250.
  • Hurwitz R. L., Bunt-Milam A. H., Chang M. L. and Beavo J. A. (1985) cGMP phosphodiesterase in rod and cone outer segments of the retina. J. Biol. Chem. 260, 568573.
  • Inglese J., Koch W. J., Caron M. G. and Lefkowitz R. J. (1992) Isoprenylation in regulation of signal transduction by G-protein-coupled receptor kinases. Nature 359, 147150.
  • Kassai H., Aiba A., Nakao K. et al. (2005) Farnesylation of retinal transducin underlies its translocation during light adaptation. Neuron 47, 529539.
  • Kefalov V., Fu Y., Marsh-Armstrong N. and Yau K. W. (2003) Role of visual pigment properties in rod and cone phototransduction. Nature 425, 526531.
  • Kelleher D. J. and Johnson G. L. (1990) Characterization of rhodopsin kinase purified from bovine rod outer segments. J. Biol. Chem. 265, 26322639.
  • Kennedy M. J., Dunn F. A. and Hurley J. B. (2004) Visual pigment phosphorylation but not transducin translocation can contribute to light adaptation in zebrafish cones. Neuron 41, 915928.
  • Kinsella B. T., Erdman R. A. and Maltese W. A. (1991) Posttranslational modification of Ha-ras p21 by farnesyl versus geranylgeranyl isoprenoids is determined by the COOH-terminal amino acid. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 88, 89348938.
  • Kojima D., Mano H. and Fukada Y. (2000) Vertebrate ancient-long opsin: a green-sensitive photoreceptive molecule present in zebrafish deep brain and retinal horizontal cells. J. Neurosci. 20, 28452851.
  • Lai R. K., Perez-Sala D., Canada F. J. and Rando R. R. (1990) The gamma subunit of transducin is farnesylated. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 87, 76737677.
  • Lerea C. L., Somers D. E., Hurley J. B., Klock I. B. and Bunt-Milam A. H. (1986) Identification of specific transducin alpha subunits in retinal rod and cone photoreceptors. Science 234, 7780.
  • Liu P., Osawa S. and Weiss E. R. (2005) M opsin phosphorylation in intact mammalian retinas. J. Neurochem. 93, 135144.
  • Maeda T., Imanishi Y. and Palczewski K. (2003) Rhodopsin phosphorylation: 30 years later. Prog. Retin Eye Res. 22, 417434.
  • Mano H., Kojima D. and Fukada Y. (1999) Exo-rhodopsin: a novel rhodopsin expressed in the zebrafish pineal gland. Brain Res. Mol Brain Res. 73, 110118.
  • Matsuda T. and Fukada Y. (2000) Functional analysis of farnesylation and methylation of transducin. Meth Enzymol. 316, 465481.
  • Matsuda T., Hashimoto Y., Ueda H., Asano T., Matsuura Y., Doi T., Takao T., Shimonishi Y. and Fukada Y. (1998) Specific isoprenyl group linked to transducin gamma-subunit is a determinant of its unique signaling properties among G-proteins. Biochemistry 37, 98439850.
  • Matsuda T., Takao T., Shimonishi Y., Murata M., Asano T., Yoshizawa T. and Fukada Y. (1994) Characterization of interactions between transducin alpha/beta gamma-subunits and lipid membranes. J. Biol. Chem. 269, 3035830363.
  • Myung C. S., Yasuda H., Liu W. W., Harden T. K. and Garrison J. C. (1999) Role of isoprenoid lipids on the heterotrimeric G protein gamma subunit in determining effector activation. J. Biol. Chem. 274, 1659516603.
  • Nathans J. (1999) The evolution and physiology of human color vision: insights from molecular genetic studies of visual pigments. Neuron 24, 299312.
  • Okano T., Fukada Y., Artamonov I. D. and Yoshizawa T. (1989) Purification of cone visual pigments from chicken retina. Biochemistry 28, 88488856.
  • Okano T., Fukada Y., Shichida Y. and Yoshizawa T. (1992) Photosensitivities of iodopsin and rhodopsins. Photochem. Photobiol. 56, 9951001.
  • Ong O. C., Yamane H. K., Phan K. B., Fong H. K., Bok D., Lee R. H. and Fung B. K. (1995) Molecular cloning and characterization of the G protein gamma subunit of cone photoreceptors. J. Biol. Chem. 270, 84958500.
  • Palczewski K., McDowell J. H. and Hargrave P. A. (1988) Purification and characterization of rhodopsin kinase. J. Biol. Chem. 263, 14 06714 073.
  • Reiss Y., Stradley S. J., Gierasch L. M., Brown M. S. and Goldstein J. L. (1991) Sequence requirement for peptide recognition by rat brain p21ras protein farnesyltransferase. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 88, 732736.
  • Ridge K. D., Abdulaev N. G., Sousa M. and Palczewski K. (2003) Phototransduction: crystal clear. Trends Biochem. Sci. 28, 479487.
  • Rinner O., Makhankov Y. V., Biehlmaier O. and Neuhauss S. C. (2005) Knockdown of cone-specific kinase GRK7 in larval zebrafish leads to impaired cone response recovery and delayed dark adaptation. Neuron 47, 231242.
  • Shichi H. and Somers R. L. (1978) Light-dependent phosphorylation of rhodopsin. Purification and properties of rhodopsin kinase. J. Biol. Chem. 253, 70407046.
  • Starace D. M. and Knox B. E. (1997) Activation of transducin by a Xenopus short wavelength visual pigment. J. Biol. Chem. 272, 10951100.
  • Tachibanaki S., Arinobu D., Shimauchi-Matsukawa Y., Tsushima S. and Kawamura S. (2005) Highly effective phosphorylation by G protein-coupled receptor kinase 7 of light-activated visual pigment in cones. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 102, 93299334.
  • Tachibanaki S., Tsushima S. and Kawamura S. (2001) Low amplification and fast visual pigment phosphorylation as mechanisms characterizing cone photoresponses. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 98, 14 04414 049.
  • Wada Y., Okano T., Adachi A., Ebihara S. and Fukada Y. (1998) Identification of rhodopsin in the pigeon deep brain. FEBS Lett. 424, 5356.
  • Wada Y., Okano T. and Fukada Y. (2000) Phototransduction molecules in the pigeon deep brain. J. Comp Neurol. 428, 138144.
  • Weiss E. R., Ducceschi M. H., Horner T. J., Li A., Craft C. M. and Osawa S. (2001) Species-specific differences in expression of G-protein-coupled receptor kinase (GRK) 7 and GRK1 in mammalian cone photoreceptor cells: implications for cone cell phototransduction. J. Neurosci. 21, 91759184.
  • Weiss E. R., Raman D., Shirakawa S., Ducceschi M. H., Bertram P. T., Wong F., Kraft T. W. and Osawa S. (1998) The cloning of GRK7, a candidate cone opsin kinase, from cone- and rod-dominant mammalian retinas. Mol Vis 4, 27.
  • Yamakuni T., Yamamoto T., Hoshino M. et al. (1998) A novel protein containing Cdc10/SWI6 motifs regulates expression of mRNA encoding catecholamine biosynthesizing enzymes. J. Biol. Chem. 273, 27 05127 054.
  • Zhang K., Howes K. A., He W., Bronson J. D., Pettenati M. J., Chen C., Palczewski K., Wensel T. G. and Baehr W. (1999) Structure, alternative splicing, and expression of the human RGS9 gene. Gene 240, 2334.
  • Zhang X., Wensel T. G. and Kraft T. W. (2003) GTPase regulators and photoresponses in cones of the eastern chipmunk. J. Neurosci. 23, 12871297.
  • Zhao X., Yokoyama K., Whitten M. E., Huang J., Gelb M. H. and Palczewski K. (1999) A novel form of rhodopsin kinase from chicken retina and pineal gland. FEBS Lett. 454, 115121.
  • Zhu X., Brown B., Li A., Mears A. J., Swaroop A. and Craft C. M. (2003) GRK1-dependent phosphorylation of S and M opsins and their binding to cone arrestin during cone phototransduction in the mouse retina. J. Neurosci. 23, 61526160.