• [35S]GTPγS binding;
  • in vivo microdialysis;
  • quantitative autoradiography;
  • serotonin transporter binding


Serotonin-1A (5-HT1A) receptors in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) function as somatodendritic autoreceptors, and therefore play a critical role in controlling serotonergic cell firing and serotonergic neurotransmission. We hypothesized that a decrease in the capacity of 5-HT1A receptors to activate G proteins was a general mechanism by which 5-HT1A receptors in the DRN are desensitized following chronic administration of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Using in vivo microdialysis, we found that the ability of the 5-HT1A receptor agonist 8-hydroxydipropylaminotetralin hydrobromide (8-OH-DPAT) (0.025 mg/kg, s.c.) to decrease extracellular 5-HT levels in striatum was attenuated following chronic treatment of rats with the SSRIs sertraline or fluoxetine. This apparent desensitization of somatodendritic 5-HT1A autoreceptor function was not accompanied by a decrease in 5-HT1A receptor sites in the coupled, high-affinity agonist state as measured by the binding of [3H]8-OH-DPAT. In marked contrast to what was observed following chronic administration of fluoxetine, 5-HT1A receptor-stimulated [35S]GTPγS binding in the DRN was not altered following chronic sertraline treatment. Thus, desensitization of 5-HT1A somatodendritic autoreceptor function following chronic sertraline administration appears not to be due to a decrease in the capacity 5-HT1A receptors to activate G proteins in the DRN. Our findings suggest that the SSRIs may not be a homogeneous class of antidepressant drug with regard to the mechanism by which the function of somatodendritic 5-HT1A autoreceptors is regulated.