SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Andersen B. and Westergaard N. (2002) The effect of glucose on the potency of two distinct glycogen phosphorylase inhibitors. Biochem. J. 367, 443450.
  • Andersen B., Rassov A., Westergaard N. and Lundgren K. (1999) Inhibition of glycogenolysis in primary rat hepatocytes by 1,4-dideoxy-1,4-imino-d-arabinitol. Biochem. J. 342, 545550.
  • Bloch R. (1973) Inhibition of glucose transport in the human erythrocyte by cytochalasin B. Biochemistry 12, 47994801.
  • Brown A. M. (2004) Brain glycogen re-awakened. J. Neurochem. 89, 537552.
  • Brown A. M., Tekkok S. B. and Ransom B. R. (2003) Glycogen regulation and functional role in mouse white matter. J. Physiol. 549, 501512.
  • Brown A. M., Sickmann H. M., Fosgerau K., Lund T. M., Schousboe A., Waagepetersen H. S. and Ransom B. R. (2005) Astrocyte glycogen metabolism is required for neural activity during aglycemia or intense stimulation in mouse white matter. J. Neurosci. Res. 79, 7480.
  • Cataldo A. M. and Broadwell R. D. (1986) Cytochemical identification of cerebral glycogen and glucose-6-phosphatase activity under normal and experimental conditions. II. Choroid plexus and ependymal epithelia, endothelia and pericytes. J. Neurocytol. 15, 511524.
  • Choi I. Y. and Gruetter R. (2003) In vivo BC NMR assessment of brain glycogen concentration and trunover in the awake rat. Neurochem. Int. 43, 317322.
  • Clarke D. D. and Sokoloff L. (1999) Circulation and energy metabolism of the brain, in Basic Neurochemistry (SiegelG. J., ed), pp. 637670. Lippincott-Raven Publishers, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
  • Crerar M. M., Karlsson O., Fletterick R. J. and Hwang P. K. (1995) Chimeric muscle and brain glycogen phosphorylases define protein domains governing isozyme-specific responses to allosteric activation. J. Biol. Chem. 270, 1374813756.
  • Cruz N. F. and Dienel G. A. (2002) High glycogen levels in brains of rats with minimal environmental stimuli: implications for metabolic contributions of working astrocytes. J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. 22, 14761489.
  • David E. S. and Crerar M. M. (1986) Quantitation of muscle glycogen phosphorylase mRNA and enzyme amounts in adult rat tissues. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 880, 7890.
  • Deutsch J. (1987) 2.7 Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, in Methods of Enzymatic Analysis, vol III, 3rd ed. (BergmeyerH. U., BergmeyerJ. and GrassiM., eds), pp. 190197. VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, Weinheim, Germany.
  • Dienel G. A., Ball K. K. and Cruz N. F. (2007) A glycogen phosphorylase inhibitor selectively enhances local rates of glucose utilization in brain during sensory stimulation of conscious rats: implications for glycogen turnover. J. Neurochem. 103, 15061522.
  • Fosgerau K., Westergaard N., Quistorff B., Grunnet N., Kristiansen M. and Lundgren K. (2000) Kinetic and functional characterization of 1,4-dideoxy-1, 4-imino-d-arabinitol: a potent inhibitor of glycogen phosphorylase with anti-hyperglyceamic effect in ob/ob mice. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 380, 274284.
  • Gibbs M. E., O’Dowd B. S., Hertz E. and Hertz L. (2006) Astrocytic energy metabolism consolidates memory in young chicks. Neuroscience 141, 913.
  • Hertz L., Juurlink B. H. J., Fosmark H. and Schousboe A.(1982) Astrocytes in primary cultures, in Neuroscience Approached Through Cell Culture (PfeifferS. E.ed.), Vol. 1, pp. 175186. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
  • Hertz L., Juurlink B. H. J., Hertz E., Fosmark H. and Schousboe A. (1989) Preparation of primary cultures of mouse (rat) astrocytes, in A Dissection and Tissue Culture Manual for The Nervous System (ShaharA., De VellisJ., VernadakisA. and HaberB., eds.), pp. 105108. Alan R. Liss, New York.
  • Hertz L., O’Dowd B. S., Ng K. T. and Gibbs M. E. (2003) Reciprocal changes in forebrain contents of glycogen and of glutamate/glutamine during early memory consolidation in the day-old chick. Brain Res. 994, 226233.
  • Hertz L., Peng L. and Dienel G. A. (2007) Energy metabolism in astrocytes: high rate of oxidative metabolism and spatiotemporal dependence on glycolysis/glycogenolysis. J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. 27, 219249.
  • Ignacio P. C., Baldwin B. A., Vijayan V. K., Tait R. C. and Gorin F. A. (1990) Brain isozyme of glycogen phosphorylase: immunohistological localization within the central nervous system. Brain Res. 529, 4249.
  • Latsis T., Andersen B. and Agius L. (2002) Diverse effects of two allosteric inhibitors on the phosphorylation state of glycogen phosphorylase in hepatocytes. Biochem. J. 368, 309316.
  • Lowry O. H., Rosebrough N. J., Farr A. L. and Randall R. J. (1951) Protein measurement with the Folin phenol reagent. J. Biol. Chem. 193, 265275.
  • Magistretti P. J., Manthorpe M., Bloom F. E. and Varon S. (1983) Functional receptors for vasoactive intestinal polypeptide in cultured astroglia from neonatal rat brain. Regul. Pept. 6, 7180.
  • Pellegri G., Rossier C., Magistretti P. J. and Martin J. L. (1996) Cloning, localization and induction of mouse brain glycogen synthase. Brain Res. Mol. Brain Res. 38, 191199.
  • Pfeiffer-Guglielmi B., Broer S., Broer A. and Hamprecht B. (2000) Isozyme pattern of glycogen phosphorylase in the rat nervous system and rat astroglia-rich primary cultures: electrophoretic and polymerase chain reaction studies. Neurochem. Res. 25, 14851491.
  • Pfeiffer-Guglielmi B., Fleckenstein B., Jung G. and Hamprecht B. (2003) Immunocytochemical localization of glycogen phosphorylase isozymes in rat nervous tissues by using isozyme-specific antibodies. J. Neurochem. 85, 7381.
  • Ransom B. R. and Fern R. (1997) Does astrocytic glycogen benefit axon function and survival in CNS white matter during glucose deprivation? Glia 21, 134141.
  • Shulman R. G., Hyder F. and Rothman D. L. (2001) Cerebral energetics and the glycogen shunt: neurochemical basis of functional imaging. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 98, 64176422.
  • Somsak L., Nagya V., Hadady Z., Docsa T. and Gergely P. (2003) Glucose analog inhibitors of glycogen phosphorylases as potential antidiabetic agents: recent developments. Curr. Pharm. Des. 9, 11771189.
  • Suh S. W., Bergher J. P., Anderson C. M., Treadway J. L., Fosgerau K. and Swanson R. A. (2007) Astrocyte glycogen sustains neuronal activity during hypoglycemia: studies with the glycogen phosphorylase inhibitor CP-316,819 ([R-R*,S*]-5-chloro-N-[2-hydroxy-3-(methoxymethylamino)-3-oxo-1-(phenylmethyl)propyl]-1H-indole-2-carboxamide). J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 321, 4550.
  • Swanson R. A. and Choi D. W. (1993) Glial glycogen stores affect neuronal survival during glucose deprivation in vitro. J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. 13, 162169.
  • Swanson R. A., Yu A. C., Sharp F. R. and Chan P. H. (1989) Regulation of glycogen content in primary astrocyte culture: effects of glucose analogues, phenobarbital, and methionine sulfoximine. J. Neurochem. 52, 13591365.
  • Thomas D. A. and Wright B. E. (1976) Glycogen phosphorylase in Dictyostelium discoideum. I. Purification and properties of the enzyme. J. Biol. Chem. 251, 12531257.
  • Waagepetersen H. S., Westergaard N. and Schousboe A. (2000) The effects of isofagomine, a potent glycogen phosphorylase inhibitor, on glycogen metabolism in cultured mouse cortical astrocytes. Neurochem. Int. 36, 435440.
  • Wender R., Brown A. M., Fern R., Swanson R. A., Farrell K. and Ransom B. R. (2000) Astrocytic glycogen influences axon function and survival during glucose deprivation in central white matter. J. Neurosci. 20, 68046810.