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Keywords:

  • 5-hydroxytryptamine;
  • basal ganglia;
  • fast-scan cyclic voltammetry;
  • histamine;
  • Parkinson’s disease;
  • substantia nigra pars reticulata

Abstract

The substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr) forms a principal output from the basal ganglia. It also receives significant histamine (HA) input from the tuberomammillary nucleus whose functions in SNr remain poorly understood. One identified role is the regulation of serotonin (5-HT) neurotransmission via the HA-H3 receptor. Here we have explored regulation by another HA receptor expressed in SNr, the H2-receptor (H2R), by monitoring electrically evoked 5-HT release with fast-scan cyclic voltammetry at carbon-fiber microelectrodes in SNr in rat brain slices. Selective H2R antagonists (inverse agonists) ranitidine and tiotidine enhanced 5-HT release while the agonist amthamine suppressed release. The ‘neutral’ competitive antagonist burimamide alone was without effect but prevented ranitidine actions indicating that inverse agonist effects result from constitutive H2R activity independent of HA tone. H2R control of 5-HT release was most apparent (from inverse agonist effects) at lower frequencies of depolarization (≤ 20 Hz), and prevailed in the presence of antagonists of GABA, glutamate or H3-HA receptors. These data reveal that H2Rs in SNr are constitutively active and inhibit 5-HT release through H2Rs on 5-HT axons. These data may have therapeutic implications for Parkinson’s disease, when SNr HA levels increase, and for neuropsychiatric disorders in which 5-HT is pivotal.