Aging of the dopaminergic system and motor behavior in mice intoxicated with the parkinsonian toxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine
Article first published online: 11 JUL 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Journal of Neurochemistry © 2012 International Society for Neurochemistry
Journal of Neurochemistry
Volume 122, Issue 5, pages 1032–1046, September 2012
How to Cite
Schumm, S., Sebban, C., Cohen-Salmon, C., Callebert, J., Launay, J.-M., Golmard, J.-L., Boussicault, L., Petropoulos, I., Hild, A., Rousselet, E., Prigent, A., Friguet, B., Mariani, J. and Hirsch, E. C. (2012), Aging of the dopaminergic system and motor behavior in mice intoxicated with the parkinsonian toxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine. Journal of Neurochemistry, 122: 1032–1046. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.2012.07837.x
- Issue published online: 20 AUG 2012
- Article first published online: 11 JUL 2012
- Accepted manuscript online: 18 JUN 2012 02:34PM EST
- Received January 12, 2012; revised manuscript received May 29, 2012; accepted June 14, 2012.
- dopaminergic system;
- motor behavior;
J. Neurochem. (2012) 122, 1032–1046.
1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) intoxication of mice is a standard model of Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, it does not reproduce functionally PD. Given the occurrence of PD during aging, symptoms might only be detected in MPTP-intoxicated mice after aging. To address this, mice injected with MPTP at 2.5 months were followed up to a maximum age of 21 months. There was no loss of dopamine cells with aging in control mice; moreover, the initial post-MPTP intoxication decrease in dopamine cell was no longer significant at 21 months. With aging, striatal dopamine level remained constant, but concentrations of the dopamine metabolites dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA) were markedly reduced in both groups. There was also a late impairment of fine motor skills. After MPTP intoxication, hyperactivity was immediately detected and it became greater than in control mice from 14 months of age; fine motor skills were also more impaired; both these symptoms were correlated with striatal dopamine, DOPAC and HVA concentrations. In bothgroups, neither motor symptoms nor dopamine changes worsened with age. These findings do not support the notion that PD develops with age in mice after MPTP intoxication and that the motor deficits seen are because of an aging process.