Data reported here are from a study supported by post-doctoral fellowship number 5F02HD53435-01 from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. The author is deeply grateful to Inge K. Broverman for her guidance and help in data analyses and manuscript preparation. The author also wishes to thank Karen Johnson and Victoria Burbank for their assistance, and the participating students, parents, teachers, and principals for their cooperation.
Girls Who Perceive Themselves as Competent Some Antecedents and Correlates*
Article first published online: 28 JUL 2006
Psychology of Women Quarterly
Volume 1, Issue 1, pages 38–49, September 1976
How to Cite
Baruch, G. K. (1976), Girls Who Perceive Themselves as Competent Some Antecedents and Correlates. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 1: 38–49. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-6402.1976.tb00807.x
- Issue published online: 28 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 28 JUL 2006
The self-perceptions of competence of white, middle-class fifth- and tenth-grade girls were examined in relation to (a) certain maternal variables and (b) self-esteem and anticipated role pattern (career aspirations and desired family size). Subjects were 79 fifth-graders and 51 of their mothers, and 49 tenth-graders and 38 of their mothers. Self-perceptions of competence were measured by an adaptation of the Rosenkrantz Sex-Role Questionnaire. Specific maternal variables were: mothers' self-perceptions of competence, maternal child-rearing values, and maternal employment. In the results, girls who had high self-perceptions of competence had mothers whose own self-perceptions were high; their mothers placed significantly more value on traits related to independence, assertiveness, and achievement. There were no effects of maternal employment. Other findings were: there was a positive relationship of self-esteem and self-perceptions of competence (significant only for tenth-graders); and high-competence girls had higher career aspirations and desired fewer children.