An early version of this article was originally presented as a lecture at the University of Stockholm, Sweden, in November 1975. A revised version was also presented at the University of California, San Francisco, in April 1976. The research was supported by NIH Bureau of Health Manpower Education Contract No. 72-4216 and by Grant No. 3009 from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. The author's address is Martha Sturm White, Ph.D., 20 Malvino Court, Tiburon, CA 94920.
Measuring Androgyny in Adulthood
Version of Record online: 28 JUL 2006
Psychology of Women Quarterly
Volume 3, Issue 3, pages 293–307, March 1979
How to Cite
White, M. S. (1979), Measuring Androgyny in Adulthood. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 3: 293–307. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-6402.1979.tb00547.x
- Issue online: 28 JUL 2006
- Version of Record online: 28 JUL 2006
A critique is presented of trends in sex differences studies over the past few years. Such studies have failed to study possible integration of sex role identity as a developmental process, and have often neglected self-definitions in favor of stereotypes. A new approach for measuring androgynous competencies is suggested which utilizes Bakan's (1966) concepts of agency and communion. Adult women high on both agentic and communion competencies seem to have many advantages over those who are low on both competencies or who are competent in only one area.