Preparation of this manuscript was supported, in part, by the Beaumont Faculty Development Fund of Saint Louis University. We thank Stephanie shutter for bibliographic searches and Brant Sears and Tammy Gocial for comments on an earlier version of this manuscript.
RESEARCHING GENDER-ROLE IDEOLOGIES INTERNATIONALLY AND CROSS-CULTURALLY
Article first published online: 28 JUL 2006
Psychology of Women Quarterly
Volume 21, Issue 1, pages 151–170, March 1997
How to Cite
Gibbons, J. L., Hamby, B. A. and Dennis, W. D. (1997), RESEARCHING GENDER-ROLE IDEOLOGIES INTERNATIONALLY AND CROSS-CULTURALLY. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 21: 151–170. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-6402.1997.tb00106.x
- Issue published online: 28 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 28 JUL 2006
- First draft received: December 21, 1995 Final draft accepted: June 15, 1996
Although many studies have compared gender-role ideologies internationally and cross-culturally, few researchers have attended to cultural differences in the meaningfulness or conceptual equivalence of the scale items. The literature on the use of instruments internationally is reviewed with respect to potentially universal (etic) constructs and findings. Gender differences in attitudes and the domains in which gender-related behavior is expressed differ internationally. A potential universal dimension is represented by a modern, egalitarian ideology on the one pole and a traditional ideology on the other. Using scales developed in three cultural contexts, we demonstrate that ratings of meaningfulness are correlated with the use of scores distant from the midpoint. Specific recommendations for researchers include consultation with cultural informants and incorporation of culturally specific (emic) items.