A MEDIATIONAL MODEL LINKING SELF-OBJECTIFICATION, BODY SHAME, AND DISORDERED EATING

Authors

  • Stephanie M. Noll,

    1. Duke University
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  • Barbara L. Fredrickson

    Corresponding author
    1. University of Michigan
      Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Barbara L. Fredrickson, Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, 525 E. University, 3006 East Hall, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1109. E-mail: blf@umich.edu.
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  • This research is part of the doctoral dissertation of the first author. We acknowledge Robert Carson, Susan Head, Tomi-Ann Roberts, and Robert Thompson for thoughtful comments and feedback.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Barbara L. Fredrickson, Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, 525 E. University, 3006 East Hall, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1109. E-mail: blf@umich.edu.

Abstract

This study tests a mediational model of disordered eating derived from objectification theory (Fredrickson & Roberts, 1997). The model proposes that the emotion of body shame mediates the relationship between self-objectification and disordered eating. Two samples of undergraduate women (n= 93, n= 111) completed self-report questionnaires assessing self-objectification, body shame, anorexic and bulimic symptoms, and dietary restraint. Findings in both samples supported the mediational model. Additionally, a direct relationship between self-objectification and disordered eating was also observed. Implications and future research directions are discussed.

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