GENDER-ROLE PERSONALITY TRAITS IN JAPANESE CULTURE

Authors


  • We wish to thank Roberta Golliher for helpful comments and support.

  • Dr. Katsurada is now at Akita University, Japan.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Yoko Sugihara, Miyazaki International College, 1405 Kano Kiyotake, Miyazaki, Japan 889–1605. E-mail: ysugihar@miyazalc_mic.ac.jp

Abstract

The etic (universal) aspect of gender-role personality traits was examined in Japanese culture. The Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI; Bem, 1974, 1977) was validated for the Japanese culture and modified for this study. An investigation of the personality traits among 1,227 college students using the Japanese BSRI indicated that male students scored significantly higher on the Masculine scale than the female students, whereas they did not differ from each other on the Feminine scale. It was also found that both female and male students scored significantly higher on the Femininity than on the Masculinity scale.

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