Helen A. Neville, Department of Educational Psychology and Afro-American Studies and Research Program, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; Mary J. Heppner, Department of Educational, School, and Counseling Psychology, University of Missouri-Columbia; Euna Oh and Lisa B. Spanierman, Department of Educational Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; Mary Clark, Galveston College.
General And Culturally Specific Factors Influencing Black And White Rape Survivors' Self-Esteem
Article first published online: 1 MAR 2004
Psychology of Women Quarterly
Volume 28, Issue 1, pages 83–94, March 2004
How to Cite
Neville, H. A., Heppner, M. J., Oh, E., Spanierman, L. B. and Clark, M. (2004), General And Culturally Specific Factors Influencing Black And White Rape Survivors' Self-Esteem. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 28: 83–94. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-6402.2004.00125.x
We wish to thank Mia Hollins, Aalece Pugh-Lilly, Nancy Sherrod, and Yvette Hampton for assistance with data collection and Lydia Buki and Adriana Umaña-Taylor for helpful comments on earlier drafts. These data were supported through an internal research grant awarded to the first author by the University of Missouri-Columbia.
- Issue published online: 1 MAR 2004
- Article first published online: 1 MAR 2004
- Initial submission: September 18, 2002 Initial acceptance: January 21, 2003 Final acceptance: July 29, 2003
Grounded in a culturally inclusive ecological model of sexual assault recovery framework, the influence of personal (e.g., prior victimization), rape context (e.g., degree of injury during last assault), and postrape response factors (e.g., general and cultural attributions, rape related coping) on self-esteem of Black and White college women, who were survivors of attempted and completed rape, were examined. As predicted, Black and White women identified similar general variables (e.g., general attributions) as important in the recovery process. Black women, however, identified a cultural factor (i.e., cultural attributions) as more important in influencing their reactions to the last rape compared to their White counterparts. Using path analysis, findings from this cross-sectional study indicated that severity of the last assault and prior victimization were related to lower self-esteem indirectly through avoidance coping strategies, and victim blame attributions for the latter. Results also suggested that the link between cultural attributions and self-esteem was explained through victim blame attributions, primarily for Black participants. The model accounted for 26% of variance in self-esteem.