Erika L. Lichter and Laura A. McCloskey, School of Public Health, Harvard University.
THE EFFECTS OF CHILDHOOD EXPOSURE TO MARITAL VIOLENCE ON ADOLESCENT GENDER-ROLE BELIEFS AND DATING VIOLENCE
Article first published online: 9 NOV 2004
Psychology of Women Quarterly
Volume 28, Issue 4, pages 344–357, December 2004
How to Cite
Lichter, E. L. and McCloskey, L. A. (2004), THE EFFECTS OF CHILDHOOD EXPOSURE TO MARITAL VIOLENCE ON ADOLESCENT GENDER-ROLE BELIEFS AND DATING VIOLENCE. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 28: 344–357. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-6402.2004.00151.x
These findings are based on a longitudinal research study funded by the National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect (ACYF; 90CA-1409) and the National Institute of Mental Health (MH-51428). We thank Bonnie Barber and Mary Koss for insightful comments on an early version of this manuscript and creative suggestions for recoding dating violence variables. Many people contributed to the collection and coding of these data and we especially thank Jennifer Bailey, Kimberly Becker, Jayne Cooper, Veronica Herrera, Sarah Martens, and Jeffrey Stuewig.
- Issue published online: 9 NOV 2004
- Article first published online: 9 NOV 2004
- Initial submission: October 13, 2003 Initial acceptance: February 3, 2004 Final acceptance: March 22, 2004
Children exposed to marital violence in childhood are at risk for engaging in dating violence as adolescents or young adults. Using a longitudinal prospective design, mother–child pairs from violent and nonviolent homes (N= 208) were interviewed about exposure to marital violence twice over a 7–9 year time span. Responses to questions about adolescent gender-typed beliefs, the acceptance of dating violence, and experiences with dating violence were collected during follow-up interviews. Results indicated that adolescents exposed to marital violence during childhood were more likely to justify the use of violence in dating relationships. Possessing traditional attitudes of male–female relationships and justifying relationship violence were associated with higher levels of dating violence perpetration regardless of marital violence exposure. How adolescents thought about dating relationships was more important than whether they witnessed marital violence in childhood. Results have implications for social-cognitive and norm-based interventions.