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CONSERVATIVE IDEOLOGY AND AMBIVALENT SEXISM

Authors


  • Andrew N. Christopher and Melinda S. Mull, Department of Psychology, Albion College.

  • This work was supported by a grant from the Hewlett-Mellon Fund for Faculty Development at Albion College, Albion, MI.

  • We thank Schara Swan, Jordan Troisi, Jessica Hauser, and Rachel Fortino for their assistance with this research. Peter Glick, Mark I. Walter, Kristen Abraham, Jessica Hauser, and Pam Marek provided helpful comments and suggestions on previous drafts of this article.

  • Portions of the research were presented at the 12th Biennial Meeting of the International Society for the Study of Individual Differences during July 2005 in Adelaide, South Australia.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Andrew N. Christopher, Department of Psychology, Albion College, 611 E. Porter Street, Albion, MI 49224. E-mail: achristopher@albion.edu

Abstract

To assess the relationship between different facets of conservative ideology and ambivalent sexism, 246 residents of two towns in southern Michigan completed a social dominance orientation scale (SDO), a right-wing authoritarianism scale (RWA), a Protestant work ethic scale (PWE), and the Glick and Fiske (1996) Ambivalent Sexism Inventory via a mail survey. Zero-order correlations revealed that SDO, RWA, and PWE were each related to both components of ambivalent sexism (hostile and benevolent sexism). Hierarchical regressions revealed that SDO and PWE most strongly predicted hostile sexism, whereas RWA most strongly predicted benevolent sexism. Results are discussed with respect to different facets of conservative ideology and why SDO, RWA, and PWE each tend to be associated with prejudice toward different groups.

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