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NONVERBAL BEHAVIOR, STATUS, AND GENDER: HOW DO WE UNDERSTAND THEIR RELATIONS?

Authors


  • Judith A. Hall, Department of Psychology, Northeastern University.

  • I appreciate the comments of Marie Helweg-Larsen, Marianne Schmid Mast, and the anonymous reviewers.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Judith A. Hall, Department of Psychology, 125 NI, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115. E-mail: hall1@neu.edu

Abstract

The causes of gender differences in nonverbal behavior are not well understood. The present article discusses status as a possible explanation and analyzes some of the methodological and conceptual challenges associated with testing that hypothesis. The study by Helweg-Larsen, Cunningham, Carrico, and Pergram (2004), which investigated gender in relation to nodding toward peers versus professors in college classes, is highlighted to demonstrate some of the difficulties facing researchers when testing the status explanation.

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