Jaehee Jung, Department of Fashion and Apparel Studies, University of Delaware; Gordon B. Forbes, Department of Behavioral Sciences, Millikin University.
BODY DISSATISFACTION AND DISORDERED EATING AMONG COLLEGE WOMEN IN CHINA, SOUTH KOREA, AND THE UNITED STATES: CONTRASTING PREDICTIONS FROM SOCIOCULTURAL AND FEMINIST THEORIES
Version of Record online: 26 NOV 2007
Psychology of Women Quarterly
Volume 31, Issue 4, pages 381–393, December 2007
How to Cite
Jung, J. and Forbes, G. B. (2007), BODY DISSATISFACTION AND DISORDERED EATING AMONG COLLEGE WOMEN IN CHINA, SOUTH KOREA, AND THE UNITED STATES: CONTRASTING PREDICTIONS FROM SOCIOCULTURAL AND FEMINIST THEORIES. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 31: 381–393. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-6402.2007.00387.x
We thank Dr. Lee Zhang at Beijing University for his assistance with data collection and David A. Frederick and three anonymous reviewers for their helpful suggestions on earlier versions of this manuscript.
- Issue online: 26 NOV 2007
- Version of Record online: 26 NOV 2007
- Initial submission: July 10, 2006Initial acceptance: April 9, 2007Final acceptance: April 9, 2007
Body dissatisfaction and disordered eating were compared across groups of college women from China (n= 109), South Korea (n= 137), and the United States (n= 102). Based on cultural differences in the amount of exposure to Western appearance standards, particularly the thin-body ideal, sociocultural theory (Thompson, Heinberg, Altabe, & Tantleff-Dunn, 1999) would predict that body dissatisfaction and disordered eating would be highest in the U.S. sample and lowest in the Chinese sample. In contrast, based on the speed and pervasiveness of changes in women's roles, feminist theory (Bordo, 1993; Jeffreys, 2005) would predict that body dissatisfaction and disordered eating would be highest in the Korean sample and lowest in the U.S. sample. Multidimensional measures indicated the highest levels of body dissatisfaction and disordered eating in the Korean sample and the lowest levels in the U.S. sample, indicating that predictions derived from feminist theory were a better fit to the data than predictions derived from sociocultural theory. Results indicated that theoretical understandings of body dissatisfaction must recognize not only differences between Western and non-Western cultures, but also differences among non-Western cultures.