Susan A. Basow, Kelly A. Foran, and Jamila Bookwala, Department of Psychology, Lafayette College.
BODY OBJECTIFICATION, SOCIAL PRESSURE, AND DISORDERED EATING BEHAVIOR IN COLLEGE WOMEN: THE ROLE OF SORORITY MEMBERSHIP
Article first published online: 26 NOV 2007
Psychology of Women Quarterly
Volume 31, Issue 4, pages 394–400, December 2007
How to Cite
Basow, S. A., Foran, K. A. and Bookwala, J. (2007), BODY OBJECTIFICATION, SOCIAL PRESSURE, AND DISORDERED EATING BEHAVIOR IN COLLEGE WOMEN: THE ROLE OF SORORITY MEMBERSHIP. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 31: 394–400. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-6402.2007.00388.x
We would like to acknowledge the research assistance of Kathryn Longshore and Alexandra Minieri. Portions of this article were presented at the 2005 meeting of the American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.
Kelly A. Foran is now a doctoral candidate in the Psychology Department at LaSalle University, Philadelphia, PA.
- Issue published online: 26 NOV 2007
- Article first published online: 26 NOV 2007
- Initial submission: July 13, 2006Initial acceptance: March 29, 2007Final acceptance: May 31, 2007
Social pressure to conform to the thin ideal is believed to play a decisive role in the development of eating disorders. In this field study at a college with only sophomore rush, 99 sorority women, 80 nonsorority women past their first year, and 86 first-year women completed three subscales of the Eating Disorders Inventory-2 (Garner, 1991), the Objectified Body Consciousness Scale (McKinley & Hyde, 1996), and a measure of peer social pressure. It was hypothesized that women belonging to sororities as well as those who intended to join would score higher than nonsorority and first-year women with no intention to join on these measures of disordered eating, body objectification, and social pressure. It also was predicted that the amount of time spent living in a sorority house as well as degree of social pressure would correlate positively with higher scores on body objectification and disordered eating. Results supported nearly all hypotheses, suggesting both that sororities attract at-risk women and that living in a sorority house is associated with increased likelihood of disordered eating.