I would like to thank Dr. Dorothy Espelage, Dr. Helen Neville, Dr. Manisha Desai and Dr. Stefan Fiol for their support. I am especially grateful for the generosity of the communities that participated in this research. This research was funded through the Barbara. A. Yates International Research award and grants from the Department of Education at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
WHO IS TO BLAME? RAPE OF HINDU-MUSLIM WOMEN IN INTERETHNIC VIOLENCE IN INDIA
Article first published online: 4 NOV 2009
© 2009 Division 35, American Psychological Association
Psychology of Women Quarterly
Volume 33, Issue 4, pages 453–462, December 2009
How to Cite
Murthi, M. (2009), WHO IS TO BLAME? RAPE OF HINDU-MUSLIM WOMEN IN INTERETHNIC VIOLENCE IN INDIA. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 33: 453–462. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-6402.2009.01523.x
- Issue published online: 4 NOV 2009
- Article first published online: 4 NOV 2009
- Initial submission: May 7, 2007Initial acceptance: June 25, 2009Final acceptance: July 27, 2009
This research examined attitudes that predict rape blame in contexts of interethnic violence between minority Muslims and dominant Hindu communities in Mumbai, India. I hypothesized that, in contexts of interethnic violence, prejudicial attitudes toward communities and attitudes that view rape as a conflict tool (i.e., an effective strategy to control an ethnic community) would predict victim blame. This study is among the first to provide empirical support that ethnic prejudice and specific misogynistic attitudes are important predictors of rape victim blame in ethnic violence contexts. Findings indicate that attitudes that exploit women's positions across categories of gender and religious community predict higher victim blame attributions. Findings are relevant to current intercommunity relationships and provide insights for community-based responses and primary interventions.