The effect of designed exercise programme on quality of life in women with breast cancer receiving chemotherapy
Version of Record online: 8 MAR 2010
© 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 Nordic College of Caring Science
Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Volume 24, Issue 2, pages 251–258, June 2010
How to Cite
Maryam, A., Fazlollah, A., Eesa, M., Ebrahim, H. and Abbas, V.-F. (2010), The effect of designed exercise programme on quality of life in women with breast cancer receiving chemotherapy. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 24: 251–258. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-6712.2009.00714.x
- Issue online: 13 MAY 2010
- Version of Record online: 8 MAR 2010
- Submitted 8 August 2008, Accepted 12 March 2009
- breast cancer;
- designed exercise programme;
- quality of life
Scand J Caring Sci; 2010; 24; 251–258 The effect of designed exercise programme on quality of life in women with breast cancer receiving chemotherapy
Aim and objective: The researchers sought to investigate the effect of a designed exercise programme on the quality of life (QOL) in women with breast cancer receiving chemotherapy.
Background: Regarding the destructive effects of breast cancer and chemotherapy on women’s lifestyle and well-being, health-care providers have the responsibility of searching for effective and safe programmes in order to bring an improvement to the patients’ QOL.
Methods: In a quasi-experimental design, 56 women with breast cancer receiving chemotherapy in an Iranian cancer institution were chosen; and then divided into two control and experiment groups consisting of 28 participants each. The patients in the experiment group followed a designed exercise programme characterized with daily physical exercises, 3–5 days per week, which lasted for 9 weeks. The Quality of Life-Breast Cancer (QOL-BC) questionnaire was employed to measure the participants’ QOL in physical, emotional and social dimensions before and after the intervention. Descriptive and inferential statistics were utilized for data analysis.
Results: No significant differences were found in the QOL dimensions between two groups before the manipulation; but significant differences in physical (p = 0.004), emotional (p = 0.01), social (p = 0.02) and spiritual (p = 0.45) dimensions as well as the total QOL (p = 0.003) after the intervention, were indicative of the effectiveness of the programme.
Conclusion: Based on the study findings, it is recommended that this programme can be employed as an effective means of improving the QOL among patients with breast cancer.