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Self-rated health of Chinese adolescents: distribution and its associated factors

Authors

  • Zhiwei Xu BMSc,

    (MPH Candidate)
    1. Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui Province, China
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  • Hong Su PhD, MPH, BMSc,

    (Professor)
    1. Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui Province, China
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  • Yanfeng Zou MPH, BMSc,

    (PhD Candidate)
    1. Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui Province, China
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  • Juan Chen BMSc,

    (MPH Candidate)
    1. Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui Province, China
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  • Jialing Wu BMSc,

    (MPH Candidate)
    1. Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui Province, China
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  • Weiwei Chang BMSc

    (MPH Candidate)
    1. Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui Province, China
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Hong Su, Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, 81 Meishan Road, Hefei, Anhui Province 230032, China.
E-mail: suhong5151@sina.com

Abstract

Scand J Caring Sci; 2011; 25; 780–786
Self-rated health of Chinese adolescents: distribution and its associated factors

Aim:  Self-rated health is a valid and relevant indicator of individuals’ and populations’ health status, and has been shown to be a critical predictor of some medical endpoints. The studies concentrating on Chinese adolescents’ self-rated health were scarce. The present study aimed to understand the self-rated health and its associated factors of Chinese adolescents.

Methods:  Ten schools including junior schools, senior schools and universities of Hefei in Anhui Province of China were randomly selected. A cross-sectional survey was conducted to the selected 5226 students to investigate their demographic variables, sleep quality, self-rated health and degree of depression, anxiety and loneliness. In terms of the instruments, Self-rated Health Measurement Scale Version 1.0, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, UCLA Loneliness Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, Self-rating Anxiety Scale and the demographic survey were used in the present study.

Results:  The sleep quality, self-rated health and degree of depression, anxiety and loneliness among different grade levels were different (p < 0.01 or <0.05). The multivariate analysis indicated that young age, poor sleep quality and high degree of depression, anxiety and loneliness were significantly associated with poor self-rated health of adolescents.

Conclusion:  The adolescents’ poor self-rated health may be attributed to many causes especially the psychological reasons. Future interventions that focus more on the inner causes may be the better steps to make adolescents healthy.

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