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Keywords:

  • asexuals;
  • clonal diversity;
  • clones;
  • genotypes;
  • software

Abstract

Investigating diversity in asexual organisms using molecular markers involves the assignment of individuals to clonal lineages and the subsequent analysis of clonal diversity. Assignment is possible using a distance matrix in combination with a user-specified threshold, defined as the maximum distance between two individuals that are considered to belong to the same clonal lineage. Analysis of clonal diversity requires tests for differences in diversity and clonal composition between populations. We developed two programs, genotype and genodive for such analyses of clonal diversity in asexually reproducing organisms. Additionally, genotype can be used for detecting genotyping errors in studies of sexual organisms.