We developed primer sequences for five polymorphic microsatellite loci in the tropical ant-plant genus Macaranga (Euphorbiaceae). Population genetic parameters were determined on the basis of 30 individuals from each of two Macaranga species in Borneo. Allele numbers per locus ranged from three to 13. Expected and observed heterozygosities ranged from 0.160 to 0.850 and from 0.130 to 0.700, respectively. Four of the five primer pairs cross-amplify polymorphic PCR products in a wide range of Macaranga species.