Conflict of interest statement: No conflicts declared
HOW TO ADDRESS THE ETHICS OF REPRODUCTIVE TRAVEL TO DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: A COMPARISON OF NATIONAL SELF-SUFFICIENCY AND REGULATED MARKET APPROACHES
Article first published online: 16 MAR 2012
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Developing World Bioethics
Volume 12, Issue 1, pages 45–54, April 2012
How to Cite
CROZIER, G.K.D. and MARTIN, D. (2012), HOW TO ADDRESS THE ETHICS OF REPRODUCTIVE TRAVEL TO DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: A COMPARISON OF NATIONAL SELF-SUFFICIENCY AND REGULATED MARKET APPROACHES. Developing World Bioethics, 12: 45–54. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-8847.2012.00316.x
- Issue published online: 16 MAR 2012
- Article first published online: 16 MAR 2012
- health care;
- medical tourism;
- assisted reproductive technologies;
- commercial surrogacy;
- oocyte donation
One of the areas of concern raised by cross-border reproductive travel regards the treatment of women who are solicited to provide their ova or surrogacy services to foreign consumers. This is particularly troublesome in the context of developing countries where endemic poverty and low standards for both medical care and informed consent may place these women at risk of exploitation and harm. We explore two contrasting proposals for policy development regarding the industry, both of which seek to promote ethical outcomes and social justice: While one proposal advocates efforts to minimize cross-border demand for female reproductive resources through the pursuit of national self-sufficiency, the other defends cross-border trade as a means for meeting the needs of vulnerable groups. Despite the conflicting objectives of the proposed strategies, the paper identifies common values and points of agreement between the two, including the importance of regulations to safeguard those providing ova or surrogacy services.