The co-inhabiting mycoflora with Aspergillus flavus observed on individual maize kernels was evaluated for its influence on aflatoxin synthesis. All 13 types of associations of different fungal species inhibited aflatoxin B1 and G1 production at different levels (34·3–100%). Inhibition of radial growth of A. flavus by Fusarium moniliforme (59·8%), Trichoderma viride (72·5%) and Rhizopus nigricans (42%) could be directly correlated to the per cent inhibition of aflatoxin production. High levels of inhibition of aflatoxin elaboration were noted in competition of A. flavus with other toxigenic moulds.