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Insecticidal crystal proteins (ICP) from Bacillus thuringiensis serovar kurstaki HD-1 and HD-73 were activated by immobilized trypsin or chymotrypsin. The activated toxins (10 μg or more) as well as unactivated ICP killed adult house flies but not larvae. Bacillus thuringiensis strain son diego did not kill house flies. In this experimental system, the average life span of the adult house fly was 8 days and the activated toxins reduced it to 2 days. The unactivated insecticidal crystal protein also reduced it to 4 days at the same concentration as the activated toxin.