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Keywords:

  • acrylamide gel;
  • cold electrophoresis chamber;
  • nosocomial infection;
  • RAPD-PCR;
  • silver staining

Abstract

Aims:  To develop a rapid, sensitive and reproducible screening test for the detection of nosocomial spreading of Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Methods and Results: Ps. aeruginosa genomic DNA extraction, RAPD-PCR, electrophoresis on acrylamide gel and silver staining were performed by using standardized reagents and conditions. The results were compared with the agarose gel electrophoresis followed by ethidium bromide staining.

Conclusions:  The coupling of acrylamide gel electrophoresis and silver staining gave about 80% more DNA bands than the traditional method, allowing a finer discrimination among different Ps. aeruginosa strains.

Significance and Impact of the Study:  By enhancing the resolution of the electrophoretic separation and the sensitivity of the staining, random amplification could be easily applied to the surveillance and prevention of nosocomial infections by clinical microbiology laboratories.