• Blumenkrantz, N. and Asboe-Hansen, G. (1973) New method for quantitative determination of uronic acids. Anal Biochem 54, 484489.
  • Clementi, F., Fantozzi, P., Mancini, F. and Moresi, M. (1995) Optimal conditions for alginate production by Azotobacter vinelandii. Enzyme Microb Technol 17, 983988.
  • Gacesa, P. (1998) Bacterial alginate biosynthesis – recent progress and future prospects. Microbiology 114, 11331143.
  • Horan, J., Jarman, T. and Dawes W. (1981) Effects of carbon source and inorganic phosphate concentration on the production of alginic acid by a mutant of Azotobacter vinelandii and on the enzymes involved in its biosynthesis. J Gen Microbiol 129, 34733480.
  • Knutson, C. and Jeanes, A. (1968) Determination of the composition of uronic acid mixtures. Anal Biochem 24, 482490.
  • Lee, W. and Day, D. (1995) Bioacetylation of seaweed alginate. Appl Environ Microbiol 61, 650655.
  • Mancini, M., Moresi, M. and Sappino, F. (1996) Rheological behaviour of aqueous solutions and dispersions of algal sodium alginates. J Food Eng 28, 283295.
  • Martinsen, A., Skjåk-Bræk, G., Smidsrod, O., Zanetti, F. and Paoletti, S. (1991) Comparison of different methods for determination of molecular weight and molecular weight distributions of alginates. Carbohydr Polym 15, 171193.
  • McComb, E.A. and McCready, R.M. (1957) Determination of acetyl in pectin and in acetylated carbohydrate polymers. Hidroxamic acid reaction. Anal Chem 29, 819821.
  • Peña, C., Campos, N. and Galindo, E. (1997) Changes in the molecular mass distributions, broth viscosity and morphology of Azotobacter vinelandii cultured in shaken flasks. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 48, 510515.
  • Peña, C., Trujillo, M. and Galindo, E. (2000) Influence of dissolved oxygen tension and agitation speed on alginate production and its molecular weight in cultures of Azotobacter vinelandii. Enzyme Microb Technol 27, 390398.
  • Rehm, B.H. and Valla, S. (1997) Bacterial alginates. Biosynthesis and applications. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 48, 281288.
  • Skjåk-Braek, G., Zanetti, F.H. and Paoletti, S. (1989) Effect of acetylation on some solution and gelling properties of alginates. Carbohydr Res 185, 131138.
  • Sutherland, I.W. (1998) Novel and established applications of microbial polysaccharides. Trends Biotechnol 16, 4146.
  • Vázquez, A., Moreno S., Guzmán, J., Alvarado, A. and Espín, G. (1999) Transcriptional organization of the Azotobacter vinelandiialgGXLVIFA genes: characterization of algF mutants. Gene 232, 217222.