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Keywords:

  • Arcobacter butzleri;
  • Arcobacter spp;
  • essential oils

Abstract

Aims:  To test the effect of oils and vapours of lemon, sweet orange and bergamot and their components against three Arcobacter butzleri strains.

Methods and Results:  The disc diffusion method was used to screen the oils and vapours against three strains of A. butzleri. In vitro bergamot was the most inhibitory essential oil (EO) and both citral and linalool were effective. On cabbage leaf, the water isolate was the least susceptible to bergamot EO, citral and linalool (1–2 log reduction), with the chicken isolate being the most susceptible (6–8 log reduction). However, the latter appeared not to be susceptible to vapours over 24 h although type strain and water isolate populations reduced by 8 logs. On chicken skin, the effectiveness of the oils was reduced compared with that on cabbage leaf.

Conclusions:  Bergamot was the most effective of the oils tested and linalool the most effective component. All strains tested were less susceptible in food systems than in vitro.

Significance and Impact of the Study:  Arcobacter isolates vary in their response to EO suggesting that the results of type strain studies should be interpreted with caution. Bergamot EO has the potential for the inhibition of this ‘emerging’ pathogen.