• Adhikari, B., Connolly, J.H., Madie, P. and Davies, P.R. (2004) Prevalence and clonal diversity of Campylobacter jejuni from dairy farms and urban sources. NZ Vet J 52, 378383.
  • Anonymous (2007) Notifiable and Other Diseases in New Zealand Annual Report 2006: Kenepuru: Institute of Environmental Science and Research Limited. Available at:
  • Bae, W., Kaya, K.N., Hancock, D.D., Call, D.R., Park, Y.H. and Besser, T.E. (2005) Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of thermophilic Campylobacter spp. from cattle farms in Washington State. Appl Environ Microbiol 71, 169174.
  • Butzler, J.P. (2004) Campylobacter, from obscurity to celebrity. Clin Microbiol Infect 10, 868876.
  • Eberhart-Phillips, J., Walker, N., Garrett, N., Bell, D., Sinclair, D., Rainger, W. and Bates, M. (1997) Campylobacteriosis in New Zealand: results of a case-control study. J Epidemiol Community Health 51, 686691.
  • Eyers, M., Chapelle, S., Van Camp, G., Goossens, H. and De Wachter, R. (1993) Discrimination among thermophilic Campylobacter species by polymerase chain reaction amplification of 23S rRNA gene fragments. J Clin Microbiol 31, 33403343.
  • Fux, C.A., Shirtliff, M., Stoodley, P. and Costerton, J.W. (2005) Can laboratory reference strains mirror ‘real-world’ pathogenesis? Trends Microbiol 13, 5863.
  • Gilpin, B., Cornelius, A., Robson, B., Boxall, N., Ferguson, A., Nicol, C. and Henderson, T. (2006) Application of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis to identify potential outbreaks of campylobacteriosis in New Zealand. J Clin Microbiol 44, 406412.
  • Hudson, J.A., Nicol, C., Wright, J., Whyte, R. and Hasell, S.K. (1999) Seasonal variation of Campylobacter types from human cases, veterinary cases, raw chicken, milk and water. J Appl Microbiol 87, 115124.
  • Inglis, G.D. and Kalischuk, L.D. (2003) Use of PCR for direct detection of Campylobacter species in bovine feces. Appl Environ Microbiol 69, 34353447.
  • McBride, G.B. (2003) Preparing exact Most Probable Number (MPN) Tables Using Occupancy Theory, and Accompanying Measures of Uncertainty. NIWA Technical Report 121. Hamilton: NIWA.
  • Meanger, J.D. and Marshall, R.B. (1989) Seasonal prevalence of thermophilic Campylobacter infections in dairy cattle and a study of infection of sheep. NZ Vet J 37, 1820.
  • Moore, J.E., Corcoran, D., Dooley, J.S., Fanning, S., Lucey, B., Matsuda, M., McDowell, D.A., Megraud, F. et al. (2005) Campylobacter. Vet Res 36, 351382.
  • Moriarty, E.M., Sinton, L.W., Mackenzie, M.L. and Wood, D.R. (2008) A survey of enteric bacteria and protozoans in fresh bovine faeces on New Zealand dairy farms. J Appl Microbiol (Accepted for Publication).
  • Nelson, W. and Harris, B. (2006) Flies, fingers, fomites, and food. Campylobacteriosis in New Zealand – food-associated rather than food-borne. NZ Med J 119, 17.
  • Sinton, L.W., Braithwaite, R.R., Hall, C.H. and Mackenzie, M.L. (2007) Survival of indicator and pathogenic bacteria in bovine feces on pasture. Appl Environ Microbiol 73, 79177925.
  • Wong, T., Devane, M., Hudson, J.A., Scholes, P., Savill, M. and Klena, J. (2004) Validation of a PCR method for Campylobacter detection on poultry packs. Br Food J 106, 642650.