Aims: To optimize a protocol for the extraction and an in-depth analysis of the soluble protein fraction of two nonaxenic toxin-producing cyanobacteria Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (hepatotoxin-producing), and Raphidiopsis sp. (neurotoxin-producing), using two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE).
Methods and Results: The soluble protein fractions from strains of C. raciborskii and Raphidiosis sp. with different toxicity phenotypes were analysed by 2D-PAGE. Specific protocols were optimized specifically for each strain. Between 500 and 700 sharp protein spots were distinguished in a single 4–7 pH range 2D-PAGE for each cyanobacterium. Comparison of the protein maps of C. raciborskii CS-505 (a cylindrospermopsin-producing strain) and Raphidiopsis sp. D9 (saxitoxin-producing strain) against the nontoxic C. raciborskii strain CS-509 revealed many unique proteins in each protein map. We confirmed that the resolved proteins were cyanobacterial by identifying three randomly chosen protein spots from a Raphidiopsis sp. strain D9 2D-PAGE, using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) tandem mass spectrometry (MS).
Conclusions: The 2D-PAGE conditions presented here provide a robust protocol for proteomic studies in two CYN- and STX-producing model organisms, C. raciborskii and Raphidiopsis sp.
Significance and Impact of the Study: We present the first protocols for proteomic analyses of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii and Raphidiopsis sp.