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Heat stress adaptation of Escherichia coli under dynamic conditions: effect of inoculum size*
Version of Record online: 14 SEP 2010
© 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 The Society for Applied Microbiology
Letters in Applied Microbiology
Volume 51, Issue 4, pages 450–455, October 2010
How to Cite
Cornet, I., Van Derlinden, E., Cappuyns, A.M. and Van Impe, J.F. (2010), Heat stress adaptation of Escherichia coli under dynamic conditions: effect of inoculum size. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 51: 450–455. doi: 10.1111/j.1472-765X.2010.02920.x
- Issue online: 14 SEP 2010
- Version of Record online: 14 SEP 2010
- Accepted manuscript online: 12 AUG 2010 12:00AM EST
- 2010/0848: received 19 May 2010, revised 28 July 2010 and accepted 29 July 2010
- Escherichia coli;
- heat resistance;
- maximum growth temperature;
- stress adaptation;
Aims: When subjected to dynamic temperatures surpassing the expected maximum growth temperature, Escherichia coli K12 MG1655 shows disturbed growth curves. These irregular population dynamics were explained by considering two subpopulations, i.e. a thermoresistant and a thermosensitive one (Van Derlinden et al. 2010a). In this paper, the influence of the initial cell concentration on the subpopulations’ dynamics is evaluated.
Methods and Results: Experiments were performed in a bioreactor with the temperature increasing from 42 to 65·2°C (1 and 4°C h−1) with varying initial cell concentrations [6, 12 and 18 ln(CFU ml−1)]. When started from the highest cell concentration, the population was characterized by a higher overall maximum growth temperature and a higher inactivation temperature. For all experimental set-ups, resistant cells were still growing at the final temperature of 65·2°C.
Conclusions: The initial cell concentration had no effect on temperature resistance. The increase in temperature resistance of the sensitive subpopulation was because of the change of the physiological state to the stationary phase.
Significance and Impact of the Study: A higher initial cell concentration leads to higher heat stress adaptation when cultures reach a maximum cell concentration. The observed growth at a temperature of 65·2°C is very important for food safety and the temperature treatment of micro-organisms.