• Chang, C.Y., Chang, L.L., Chang, Y.H. and Lee, T.M. (2000) Characterization of drug resistance gene cassettes associated with class 1 integrons in clinical isolates of Escherichia coli from Taiwan, ROC. Antimicrob Resist 49, 10971102.
  • Chang, L.L., Chang, T.M. and Chang, C.Y. (2007) Variable gene cassette patterns of class 1 integron-associated drug-resistant Escherichia coli in Taiwan. Kaohsiung J Med Sci 23, 273280.
  • Croft, A.C., D’Antoni, A.V. and Terzulli, S.L. (2007) Update on the antibacterial resistance crisis. Med Sci Monit 13, 103118.
  • Dubois, V., Arpin, C., Quentin, C., Texier-Maugein, J., Poirel, L. and Nordmann, P. (2003) Decreased susceptibility to cefepime in a clinical strain of Escherichia coli related to plasmid and integron-encoded OXA-30 beta lactamase. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 47, 23802381.
  • Grape, M., Farra, A., Kronvall, G. and Sundstrom, L. (2005) Integrons and gene cassettes in clinical isolates of co-trimoxazole-resistant Gram-negative bacteria. Clin Microbiol Infect 11, 185192.
  • Lévesque, C., Piché, L., Larose, C. and Roy, P.H. (1995) PCR mapping of integrons reveals several novel combinations of resistance genes. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 39, 185191.
  • Lina, T.T., Rahman, S.R. and Gomes, D.J. (2007) Multiple antibiotic-resistance mediated plasmids and integrons in uropathogenic Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumonia. J Microbiol 24, 1923.
  • Machado, E., Canton, R., Baquero, F., Galan, J., Rollan, A., Peixe, L. and Coque, T.M. (2005) Integron content of extended-spectrum-β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli strains over 12 years in a single hospital in Madrid, Spain. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 49, 18231829.
  • Marrs, C.F., Zhang, L. and Foxman, B. (2005) Escherichia coli mediated urinary tract infections: are there different uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC) pathotypes? FEMS Microbiol Lett 252, 183190.
  • Martinez-Freijo, P., Fluit, A.C., Schmitz, F.J., Grek, V.C., Verhoef, J. and Jones, M.E. (1998) Class 1 integrons in Gram-negative isolates from different European hospitals and association with decreased susceptibility to multiple antibiotic compounds. J Antimicrob Chemother 42, 689696.
  • Mathai, E., Grape, M. and Kronvall, G. (2004) Integrons and multidrug resistance among Escherichia coli causing community-acquired urinary tract infection in southern India. APMIS 112, 159164.
  • Mazel, D. (2006) Integrons: agents of bacterial evolution. Nat Rev Microbiol 4, 608620.
  • Moura, A., Henriques, L., Ribeiro, R. and Correia, A. (2007) Prevalence and characterization of integrons from bacteria isolated from a slaughterhouse wastewater treatment plant. J Antimicrob Chemother 60, 12431250.
  • Rao, S., Maddox, C.W., Hoien-Dalen, P., Lanka, S. and Weigel, R.M. (2008) Diagnostic accuracy of class 1 integron PCR method in detection of antibiotic resistance in Salmonella isolates from swine production systems. J Clin Microbiol 46, 916920.
  • Roe, M.T. and Pillai, S.D. (2003) Monitoring and identifying antibiotic resistance mechanisms in bacteria. Poult Sci 82, 622626.
  • Sawma-Awad, G., Hashwa, F. and Tokajian, S. (2009) Antimicrobial resistance in relation to virulence determinants and phylogenetic background among uropathogenic Escherichia coli in Lebanon. J Chemother 21, 118123.
  • Solberg, O.D., Ajiboye, R.M. and Riley, L.W. (2006) Origin of class 1 and 2 integrons and gene cassettes in a population-based sample of uropathogenic Escherichia coli. J Clin Microbiol 44, 13471351.
  • Tribuddharat, C. and Fennewald, M. (1999) Integron-mediated rifampin resistance in Pseudomonas aeroginosa. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 43, 960962.
  • Yang, R.A., De Vourde, A. and Fiers, W. (1976) Specific cleavage and physical mapping of Simian-Virus-40 DNA by the restriction endonuclease of Arthrobacter luteus. Eur J Biochem 63, 119138.
  • Yoneyama, H. and Katsumata, R. (2006) Antibiotic resistance in bacteria and its future for novel antibiotic development. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 70, 10601075.
  • Yu, H.S., Lee, J.C., Kang, H.Y., Ro, D.W., Chung, J.Y., Jeong, Y.S., Tae, S.H. and Choi, C.H. (2003) Changes in gene cassettes of class 1 integrons among Escherichia coli isolates from urine specimens collected in Korea during the last two decades. J Clin Microbiol 41, 54295433.
  • Zhao, S., White, D.G., Ge, B., Ayers, S., Friedman, S., English, L., Wagner, D. and Gaines, S. (2001) Identification and characterization of integron-mediated antibiotic resistance among Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli isolates. Appl Environ Microbiol 67, 15581564.