A novel method for real-time skin impedance measurement during radiofrequency skin tightening treatments
Article first published online: 21 FEB 2011
© 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Volume 10, Issue 1, pages 24–29, March 2011
How to Cite
Harth, Y. and Lischinsky, D. (2011), A novel method for real-time skin impedance measurement during radiofrequency skin tightening treatments. Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, 10: 24–29. doi: 10.1111/j.1473-2165.2010.00535.x
- Issue published online: 21 FEB 2011
- Article first published online: 21 FEB 2011
- Accepted for publication June 29, 2010
- EndyMed Pro;
- multisource RF;
The thermal effects of monopolar and bipolar radiofrequency (RF) have been proven to be beneficial in skin tightening. Nevertheless, these effects were frequently partial or unpredictable because of the uncontrolled nature of monopolar or unipolar RF and the superficial nature of energy flow for bipolar or tripolar configurations. One of the hypotheses for lack or predictability of efficacy of the first-generation RF therapy skin tightening systems is lack of adaptation of delivered power to differences in individual skin impedance. A novel multisource phase–controlled system was used (1 MHz, power range 0–65 W) for treatment and real-time skin impedance measurements in 24 patients (EndyMed PRO™; EndyMed, Cesarea, Israel). This system allows continuous real-time measurement of skin impedance delivering constant energy to the patient skin independent of changes in its impedance. More than 6000 unique skin impedance measurements on 22 patients showed an average session impedance range was 215–584 Ohm with an average of 369 Ohm (standard deviation of 49 Ohm). Analyzing individual pulses (total of 600 readings) showed a significant decrease in impedance during the pulse. These findings validate the expected differences in skin impedance between individual patients and in the same patients during the treatment pulse. Clinical study on 30 patients with facial skin aging using the device has shown high predictability of efficacy (86.7% of patients had good results or better at 3 months’ follow-up [decrease of 2 or more grades in Fitzpatrick’s wrinkle scale]). The real-time customization of energy according to skin impedance allows a significantly more accurate and safe method of nonablative skin tightening with more consistent and predictable results.