*Department of Biology and Graduate Degree Program in Ecology. Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA.
Habitat fragmentation: island v landscape perspectives on bird conservation
Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
Volume 137, Issue Supplement s1, pages S97–S104, January 1995
How to Cite
WIENS, J. A. (1995), Habitat fragmentation: island v landscape perspectives on bird conservation. Ibis, 137: S97–S104. doi: 10.1111/j.1474-919X.1995.tb08464.x
- Issue published online: 28 JUN 2008
- Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
- 1992. Corvid density and nest predation in relation to forest fragmentation: A landscape perspective. Ecology 73: 794–804.
- 1988. Elevated predation rates as an edge effect in habitat islands: Experimental evidence. Ecology 69: 544–547. &
- 1986. Predation on ground-nesting birds' nests in relation to predator density and habitat edge. Oikos 47: 365–373.
- 1992. Conservation of communities—The importance of edges, surroundings and landscape mosaic structure. In Hansson, L. (ed.) Ecological Principles of Nature Conservation: 9–70. London : Elsevier.
- 1992. Effect of corridor width on animal dispersal: A simulation study. Global Ecol. Biogeog. Letters 2: 52–56. &
- 1990. Habitat Corridors Their role in wildlife management and conservation.. Victoria , Australia : Department of Conservation & Environment.
- 1992. The biological dynamics of tropical rainforest fragments. Bioscience 42: 859–866. , , , &
- 1992. Strategy and tactics for conserving biological diversity in the United States. Conserv. Biol. 6: 157–159. , &
- 1992. Northern Spotted Owls: Influence of prey base and landscape character. Ecol. Mono-gr. 62: 223–250. , &
- Cody, MX. 1985. Habitat Selection in Birds. New York : Academic Press.
- 1993. The hierarchical continuum concept. J. Vegetation Sci. 4: 149–156. , &
- 1975. Assembly of species communities. In Cody, M.L. & Diamond, J.M. (eds) Ecology and Evolution of Communities: 342–444. Cambridge , Mass : Harvard University Press.
- 1992. Relative importance of spatial and temporal scales in a patchy environment. Theor. Popul. Biol. 41: 300–314.
- 1988. Determinants of local population size in patchy habitats. Theor. Popul. Biol. 34: 194–213. &
- 1991. Simulation of the scale-dependent effects of landscape boundaries on species persistence and dispersal. In Holland, M.M., Risser, P.G. & Naiman, R.J. (eds) Ecotones. The role of landscape boundaries in the management and restoration of changing environments: 76–89. New York : Chapman & Hall. , , &
- 1978. Avian nest dispersion and fledging success in field-forest ecotones. Ecology 59: 871–883. &
- 1980. The equilibrium theory of island biogeography: Fact or fiction? J. Biogeogr. 7: 209–235.
- 1991. Implications of landscape heterogeneity for bird conservation. Acta Congr. Intern. Ornithol. XX: 2286–2291.
- 1993. What do we presently understand about ecosystem fragmentation? In Saunders, D.A., Hobbs, R.J. & Ehrlich, P.R. (eds) Nature Conservation 3: Reconstruction of fragmented ecosystems: 45–55. Chipping Norton , New South Wales , Australia : Surrey Beatty & Sons. , &
- Hansen, A.J. & diCastri, F. (eds.) 1992. Landscape Boundaries: Consequences for biological diversity and ecological flows. New York : Springer.
- 1991. Single-species metapopulation dynamics: Concepts, models and observations. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 42: 17–38.
- 1983. Bird numbers across edges between mature conifer forest and clearcuts in central Sweden. Ornis Scand. 14: 97–103.
- 1984. The Fragmented Forest. Island biogeography theory and the preservation of biotic diversity. Chicago , Ill. : University of Chicago Press.
- 1992. Forest fragmentation and the conservation of biological diversity. In Fiedler, P. & Jain, S. (eds) Conservation Biology, the Theory and Practice of Nature Conservation, Preservation, and Management: 197–237. New York : Chapman & Hall. &
- 1992. Toward a theory of inter-refuge corridor design. Conserv. Biol. 6: 293–295.
- 1992. The role of corridors in conservation: Solution or bandwagon? Trends Ecol. Evol. 7: 389–392.
- 1993. Effects of landscape fragmentation on ecosystem processes in the Western Australian wheatbelt. Biol. Conserv. 64: 193–201.
- 1993. Integrated landscape ecology: A Western Australian perspective. Biol. Conserv. 64: 231–238. , &
- 1992. Changes in biota. In Hobbs, R.J. & Saunders, D.A. (eds) Reintegrating Fragmented Landscapes: 65–106. New York : Springer. , , &
- 1990. Wildlife, Forests, and Forestry: Principles of managing forests for biological diversity. Englewood Cliffs , N.J. : Prentice-Hall.
- 1991. Introductory remarks: Bird conservation at a landscape scale: Seeing the world from a bird's-eye view. Acta Congr. Int. Ornithol. XX: 2283–2285.
- 1985. Dispersal of beech nuts by Blue Jays in fragmented landscapes. Am. Midi. Nat. 113: 319–324. &
- 1992. Testing responses to forest edges: The example of Black-tailed Deer. Can. J. Zool. 70: 2426–2435. &
- 1988. Demographic models of the Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina). Oecologia 75: 601–607.
- 1991. Predation on artificial bird nests in chaparral fragments. Oecologia 86: 395–401. , &
- 1985. Spatial characteristics of habitat patches and population survival. Ecol. Model. 30: 297–308. &
- 1992. The problem of pattern and scale in ecology. Ecology 73: 1943–1967.
- 1990. Scale and the spatial concept of fragmentation. Conserv. Biol. 4: 197–202. &
- 1967. The Theory of Island Bio-geography. Princeton , N.J. : Princeton University Press. &
- 1988. Landscape dynamics in farmland. Trends Ecol. Evol. 3: 16–20.
- 1991. Corridors and connectivity: Animal populations in heterogeneous environments. In Saunders, D.A. & Hobbs, R.J. (eds) Nature Conservation 2: The role of corridors in nature conservation: 134–142. Chipping Norton , New South Wales , Australia : Surrey Beatty & Sons.
- 1993. Corridors in restoration of fragmented landscapes. In Saunders, D.A., Hobbs, R.J. & Ehrlich, P.R. (eds) Nature Conservation 3: Reconstruction of fragmented ecosystems: 71–87. Chipping Norton , New South Wales , Australia : Surrey Beatty & Sons. &
- 1991. Landscape connectivity: Different functions at different scales. In Hudson, W.E. (ed.) Landscape Linkages and Biodiversity. Washington , D.C. : Island Press.
- 1992. A hierarchical neutral model for landscape analysis. Landscape Ecol. 7: 55–61. , &
- 1990. Dispersal in fragmented populations: The key to survival. In Bunce, R.G.H. & Howard, D.C. (eds) Species Dispersal in Agricultural Habitat: 3–17. London : Belhaven Press.
- 1991. Metapopulation theory and habitat fragmentation: A review of holarctic breeding bird studies. Landscape Ecol. 5: 93–106.
- 1985. Bird communities in small woods in an agricultural landscape: Effects of area and isolation. Biol. Conserv. 34: 333–352. , &
- 1984. Bird numbers and habitat characteristics in farmland hedgerows. J. Appl. Ecol. 21: 63–82.
- Ricklefs, R.E. & Schluter, D. (eds.) 1994. Species Diversity in Ecological Communities. Historical and geographical perspectives. Chicago , Ill. : University of Chicago Press.
- 1992. Diverse and contrasting effects of habitat fragmentation. Science 257: 524–526. , , , , &
- 1993. Large-scale forest fragmentation increases the duration of tent caterpillar outbreak. Oecologia 93: 25–30.
- 1987. Distribution and size of Capercaillie leks in relation to old forest fragmentation. Oecologia 72: 389–394. &
- 1993. Reversing the fragmentation perspective: Effects of clearcut size on bird species richness in Maine. Ecol. Appl. 3: 357–366. &
- 1989. Changes in the avifauna of a region, district and remnant as a result of fragmentation of native vegetation: The wheatbelt of Western Australia. A case study. Biol. Conserv. 50: 99–135.
- 1990. Problems of survival in an extensively cultivated landscape: The case of Carnaby's Cockatoo Calyptorkyn-chus funereus latirostris. Biol. Conserv. 54: 277–290.
- Saunders, D.A. & Hobbs, R.J. (eds.) 1991. Nature Conservation 2: The role of corridors. Chipping Norton , New South Wales , Australia : Surrey Beatty & Sons.
- 1993. The Kellerberrin Project on fragmented landscapes: A review of current information. Biol. Conserv. 64: 185–192. , &
- 1991. Biological consequences of ecosystem fragmentation: A review. Conserv. Biol. 5: 18–29. , &
- 1993. Adaptive management, adaptive science and the effects of forest fragmentation on boreal birds in northern Alberta. Trans. North Am. Wildl. Nat. Resour. Conf. LVIII: 584–598. &
- 1984. Conservation and obfuscation: Subdivision of reserves. Oikos 42: 399–401. &
- 1987. Consequences and costs of conservation corridors. Conserv. Biol. 1: 63–71. &
- 1990. Conspecific attraction and determination of metapopulation colonization rates. Conserv. Biol. 4: 320–323. &
- 1992. Island biogeography and conservation practice. Conserv. Biol. 6: 161.
- 1991. The theory of wildlife corridor capability. In Saunders, D.A. & Hobbs, R.J. (eds) Nature Conservation 2: The role of corridors: 3–8. Chipping Norton , New South Wales , Australia : Surrey Beatty & Sons. &
- 1981. The importance of population dynamics in heterogeneous landscapes: Management of vertebrate pests and some other animals. Agro-Ecosystems 7: 187–211. &
- 1985. Avian use of a desert riparian island and its adjacent scrub habitat. Condor 87: 511–519. &
- 1993. Connectivity is a vital element of landscape structure. Oikos 68: 571–573. , , , &
- 1991. The role of dispersal in the maintenance of bird populations in a fragmented landscape. Acta Congr. Int. Or-nithol. XX: 2298–2305.
- 1988. Modelling dynamics of habitat-interior bird population dynamics in fragmented landscapes. Conserve. Biol. 2: 340–347. &
- 1989. Bird populations and environmental changes: Can birds be bio-indicators? Am. Birds 43: 260–270. &
- 1990. A conservation strategy for the Northern Spotted Owl. Portland , Oreg. : U.S. Government Printing Office. , , , , &
- 1987. Effects of patch size, isolation and regional abundance on forest bird communities. Landscape Ecol. 1: 59–73. &
- 1991. Spatial configuration of avian habitats. Acta Congr. Int. Ornithol. XX: 2313–2319.
- 1993. Metapopulation models for impact assessment of fragmentation. In Vos, C.C. & Opdam, P. (eds) Landscape Ecology of a Stressed Environment: 172–191. London : Chapman & Hall. , &
- 1992. Evidence of incidental nest predation and its effects on nests of threatened grassland birds. Oikos 63: 281–288. , .&
- 1991. Distribution and movements of Columbian Ground Squirrels (Spermophilus columbianus (Ord)): Are habitat patches like islands J. Biogeogr. 18: 385–394.
- 1989a. The Ecology of Bird Communities, Vol. 2, Processes and variations. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.
- 1989b. Spatial scaling in ecology. Funct. Ecol. 3: 385–397.
- 1990. Habitat fragmentation and wildlife populations: The importance of autecology, time, and landscape structure. Trans. Int. Union Game Biol. XIX Congr: 381–391.
- 1991. Ecological similarity of shrub-desert avifaunas of Australia and North America. Ecology 72: 479–495.
- Landscape mosaics and ecological theory. In Hansson, L., Fahrig, L. & Merriam, G. (eds) Mosaic Landscapes and Ecological Processes. London : Chapman & Hall. in press.
- 1985. Response of breeding passerine birds to rangeland alteration in a North American shrub-steppe locality. J. Appl. Ecol. 22: 655–668. &
- 1985. Boundary dynamics: A conceptual framework for studying landscape ecosystems. Oikos 45: 421–427. , &
- 1993. Ecological mechanisms and landscape ecology. Oikos 66: 369–380. , , &
- 1985. Nest predation in forest tracts and the decline of migratory songbirds. Ecology 85: 1211–1214.
- 1986. Habitat fragmentation in the temperate zone. In Soule, M.E. (ed.) Conservation Biology. The science of scarcity and diversity: 237–256. Sunderland , Mass. : Sinauer. , &
- 1975. Applied biogeography. In Cody, MX. & Diamond, J.M. (eds) Ecology and Evolution of Communities: 522–534. Cambridge , Mass. : Harvard University Press. &
- 1992. Conservation of mobile species in a variable environment: The problem of reserve design in the Northern Territory, Australia. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. Letters 2: 1–10. , , &
- 1992. Avian predation and parasitism on artificial nests and eggs in two fragmented landscapes. Wilson Bull. 104: 162–168. &
- 1991. Depredation of artificial nests in irrigated forests. Wilson Bull. 103: 113–117. &
- 1986. Relevance of the equilibrium theory of island biogeography and species-area relations to conservation with a case from Amazonia. J. Biogeogr. 13: 133–143. &