SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Aebischer, N.J., Coulson, J.C. & Colebrook, J.M. 1990. Parallel long-term trends across four marine trophic levels and weather. Nature 347: 753755.
  • Atkinson, P.W., Crooks, S., Drewitt, A., Grant, A., Rehfisch, M.M., Sharpe, J. & Tyas, C. 2004. Managed realignment in the UK – the first five years of colonization by birds. Ibis 146 (Suppl.1): S101S110.
  • Barber, R.T. & Chavez, F.P. 1983. Biological consequences of El Nino. Science 222: 12031210.
  • Barber, R.T. & Chavez, F.P. 1986. Ocean variability in relation to living resources during the 1982–83 El Nino. Nature 319: 279285.
  • Barbraud, C. & Weimerskirch, H. 2001. Emperor penguins and climate change. Nature 411: 183186.
  • Barrett, R.T. 2002. The phenology of spring migration to north Norway. Bird Study 49: 270277.
  • Berry, P.M., Vanhinsberg, D., Viles, H.A., Harrison, P.A., Pearson, R.G., Fuller, R.J., Butt, N. & Miller, F. 2001. Impacts on terrestrial environments. In Harrison, P.A., Berry, P.M. & Dawson, T.P. (eds) Climate Change and Nature Conservation in Britain and Ireland: Modelling Natural Resource Responses to Climate Change (the MONARCH Project): 43150. Oxford: UKCIP Technical report.
  • Berthold, P. 1990. Patterns of avian migration in light of current global ‘greenhouse’ effects: a central European perspective. Acta Congr. Int. Ornithol. 20: 780786.
  • Both, C. & Visser, M.E. 2001. Adjustment to climate change is constrained by arrival date in a long-distance migrant bird. Nature 411: 296298.
  • Bradley, N.L., Leopold, A.C., Ross, J. & Huffaker, W. 1999. Phenological changes reflect climate changes in Wisconsin. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 96: 97019704.
  • Brown, J.L., Li, S.H. & Bhagabati, N. 1999. Long-term trend toward earlier breeding in an American bird: a response to global warming? Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 96: 55655569.
  • Buse, A., Dury, S.J., Woodburn, R.J.W., Perrins, C.M. & Good, J.E.G. 1999. Effects of elevated temperature on multi-species interactions: the case of Pedunculate Oak, Winter Moth and Tits. Func. Ecol. 13 (Suppl. 1): 7482.
  • Crick, H.Q.P. 1999. Small bird population changes. In Cannell, M.G.R., Palutikof, J.P. & Sparks, T.H. (eds) Indicators of Climate Change in the UK: 66–67. London: DETR & NERC.
  • Crick, H.Q.P., Baillie, S.R. & Leech, D.I. 2003. The UK Nest Record Scheme: its value for science and conservation. Bird Study 50: 254270.
  • Crick, H.Q.P., Dudley, C., Glue, D.E. & Thomson, D.L. 1997. UK birds are laying eggs earlier. Nature 388: 526.
  • Crick, H.Q.P., Gibbons, D.W. & Magrath, R.D. 1993. Seasonal variation in clutch size in British Birds. J. Anim. Ecol. 62: 263273.
  • Crick, H.Q.P. & Sparks, T.H. 1999. Climate change related to egg-laying trends. Nature 399: 423424.
  • Cunningham, D.M. & Moors, P.J. 1994. The decline of Rockhopper Penguins Eudyptes chrysocome at Campbell Island, Southern Ocean and the influence of rising sea temperatures. Emu 94: 2736.
  • Davis, A.J., Jenkinson, L.S., Lawton, J.H., Shorrocks, B. & Wood, S. 1998b. Making mistakes when predicting shifts in species range in response to global warming. Nature 391: 783786.
  • Davis, A.J., Lawton, J.H., Shorrocks, B. & Jenkinson, L.S. 1998a. Individualistic species responses invalidate simple physiological models of community dynamics under global environmental change. J. Anim. Ecol. 67: 600612.
  • Dunn, P.O. & Winkler, D.W. 1999. Climate change has affected the breeding date of Tree Swallows throughout North America. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 266: 24872490.
  • Forchhammer, M.C., Post, E. & Stenseth, N.C. 1998. Breeding phenology and climate. Nature 391: 2930.
  • Gates, S., Gibbons, D.W., Lack, P.C. & Fuller, R.J. 1994. Declining farmland bird species: modelling geographical patterns of abundance in Britain. In Edwards, P.J., May, R.M. & Webb, N.R. (eds) Large Scale Ecology and Conservation Biology: 153177. Oxford: Blackwell.
  • Gibbons, D.W., Reid, J.B. & Chapman, R.A. 1993. The New Atlas of Breeding Birds in Britain and Ireland: 1988–1991. London: Poyser.
  • Gibbons, D.W. & Wotton, S. 1996. The Dartford Warbler in the United Kingdom in 1994. Br. Birds 89: 203212.
  • Gilyazov, A. & Sparks, T.H. 2002. Change in the timing of migration of common birds at the Lapland nature reserve (Kola Peninsula, Russia) during 1931–1999. Avian Ecol. Behav. 8: 3547.
  • Green, R.E. 1999. Applications of large-scale studies of demographic rates to bird conservation. Bird Study 46: S279S288.
  • Gwinner, E. 1996. Circannual clocks in avian reproduction and migration. Ibis 138: 4763.
  • Harrington, R., Woiwod, I.P. & Sparks, T.H. 1999. Climate change and trophic interactions. Trends Ecol. Evol. 14: 146150.
  • Hüppop, O. & Hüppop, K. 2003. North Atlantic Oscillation and timing of spring migration in birds. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B. 270: 233240.
  • Inouye, D.W., Barr, B., Armitage, K.B. & Inouye, B.D. 2000. Climate change is affecting altitudinal migrants and hibernating species. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 97: 16301633.
  • Järvinen, A. 1989. Patterns and causes of long-term variation in reproductive traits of the Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca in Finnish Lapland. Ornis Fenn. 66: 2431.
  • Järvinen, A. 1994. Global warming and egg size of birds. Ecography 17: 108110.
  • Järvinen, A. 1996. Correlation between egg size and clutch size in the Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca in cold and warm summers. Ibis 138: 620623.
  • Jenkins, D. & Watson, A. 2000. Dates of first arrival and song of birds during 1974–99 in mid-Deeside, Scotland. Bird Study 47: 249251.
  • Kinzelbach, R., Nicolai, B. & Schlenker, R. 1997. Der Bienenfresser Merops apiaster als Klimazeiger: Zum Einflug in Bayern, der Schweiz und Baden im Jahr 1644. J. Ornithol. 138: 297308.
  • Kitaysky, A.S. & Golubova, E.G. 2000. Climate change causes contrasting trends in reproductive performance of planktivorous and piscivorous alcids. J. Anim. Ecol. 69: 248262.
  • Lack, D. 1954. The Natural Regulation of Animal Numbers. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Lack, D. 1966. Population Studies of Birds. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Loxton, R.G. & Sparks, T.H. 1999. Arrival of spring migrants at Portland, Skokholm, Bardsey and Calf of Man. Bardsey Observatory Report 42: 105143.
  • Marchant, J.H., Freeman, S.N., Crick, H.Q.P. & Beaven, L.P. 2004. The BTO Heronries Census of England and Wales 1928–1998: new indices and a comparison of analytical methods. Ibis 146: 323334.
  • Mason, C.F. 1995. Long-term trends in the arrival dates of spring migrants. Bird Study 42: 182189.
  • McCleery, R.H. & Perrins, C.M. 1998. Temperature and egg-laying trends. Nature 391: 3031.
  • Newton, I. 1998. Population Limitation in Birds. London: Academic Press.
  • Parmesan, C. & Yohe, G. 2003. A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems. Nature 421: 3742.
  • Penuelas, J., Filella, I. & Comas, P. 2002. Changed plant and animal life cycles from 1952 to 2000 in the Mediterranean region. Global Change Biol. 8: 531544.
  • Perrins, C.M. 1991. Tits and their caterpillar food supply. Ibis 133: S49S54.
  • Peterson, A.T., Ortega-Huerta, M.A., Bartley, J., Sanchez-Cordero, V., Soberon, J., Buddemeier, R.H. & Stockwell, D.R.B. 2002. Future projections for Mexican faunas under global climate change scenarios. Nature 416: 626629.
  • Pounds, J.A., Fogden, M.P.L. & Campbell, J.H. 1999. Biological response to climate change on a tropical mountain. Nature 398: 611615.
  • Przybylo, R., Sheldon, B.C. & Merila, J. 2000. Climatic effects on breeding and morphology: evidence for phenotypic plasticity. J. Anim. Ecol. 69: 395403.
  • Rodenhouse, N.L. 1992. Potential effects of climatic change on a Neotropical migrant landbird. Conserv. Biol. 6: 263272.
  • Roemmich, D. & McGowan, J.A. 1995. Climatic warming and the decline of zooplankton in the California Current. Science 267: 13241326.
  • Root, T.L. 1988a. Environmental factors associated with avian distributional boundaries. J. Biogeogr. 15: 489505.
  • Root, T.L. 1988b. Energy constraints on avian distributions and abundances. Ecology 69: 330339.
  • Root, T.L., Price, J.T., Hall, K.R., Schneider, S.H., Rosenzweig, C. & Pounds, A.J. 2003. Fingerprints of global warming on wild animals and plants. Nature 421: 5760.
  • Root, T.L. & Schneider, S.H. 1993. Can large-scale climatic models be linked with multiscale ecological studies? Conserv. Biol. 7: 256270.
  • Sanz, J.J. 2002. Climate change and breeding parameters of great and blue tits throughout the western Palearctic. Global Change Biol. 8: 409422.
  • Schreiber, R.W. & Schreiber, E.A. 1984. Central pacific seabirds and the El Nino–Southern Oscillation: 1982–1983 perspectives. Science 225: 713716.
  • Sharrock, J.T.R. 1976. The Atlas of Breeding Birds in Britain and Ireland. Calton: Poyser.
  • Slater, F.M. 1999. First-egg date fluctuations for the Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca in the woodlands of mid-Wales in the twentieth century. Ibis 141: 497499.
  • Sokolov, L.V., Markovets, M.Yu, Shapoval, A.P. & Morozov, YuG. 1998. Long-term trends in the timing of spring migration of passerines on the Courish Spit of the Baltic Sea. Avian Ecol. Behav. 1: 121.
  • Sparks, T.H. 1999. Phenology and the changing pattern of bird migration in Britain. Int. J. Biometeorol. 42: 134138.
  • Sparks, T.H. & Braslavska, O. 2001. The effects of temperature, altitude and latitude on the arrival and departure dates of the swallow Hirundo rustica in the Slovak Republic. Int. J. Biometeorol. 45: 212216.
  • Sparks, T.H. & Crick, H.Q.P. 1999. The times they are a-changing? Bird Conserv. Int. 9: 17.
  • Sparks, T.H., Crick, H.Q.P., Elkins, N., Moss, R., Moss, S. & Mylne, K. 2002. Birds, weather and climate. Weather 57: 399410.
  • Sparks, T.H. & Mason, C.F. 2001. Dates of arrivals and departures of spring migrants taken from the Essex Bird Reports 1950–1998. Essex Bird Report 1999: 154164.
  • Sparks, T.H. & Mason, C.F. 2004. Can we detect change in the phenology of winter migrant birds in the UK. Ibis 146 (Suppl.1): 5861.
  • Sparks, T.H., Roberts, D.R. & Crick, H.Q.P. 2001. What is the value of first arrival dates of spring migrants in phenology? Avian Ecol. Behav. 7: 7585.
  • Spear, L.B. & Ainley, D.G. 1999. Migration routes of Sooty Shearwaters in the Pacific Ocean. Condor 101: 205218.
  • Stenseth, N.C., Mysterud, A., Ottersen, G., Hurrell, J.W., Chan, K.-S. & Lima, M. 2002. Ecological effects of climate fluctuations. Science 297: 12921296.
  • Stevenson, I.R. & Bryant, D.M. 2000. Climate change and constraints on breeding. Nature 406: 366367.
  • Sueur, F. & Triplet, P. 2001. Rechauffement climatique: les passereaux arrivent-ils plus tot au printemps? Avifaune Picarde 1: 111120.
  • Thomas, C.D. & Lennon, J.L. 1999. Birds extend their ranges northwards. Nature 399: 213.
  • Thompson, P.M. & Ollason, J.C. 2001. Lagged effects of ocean climate change on fulmar population dynamics. Nature 413: 417420.
  • Veit, R.R., McGowan, J.A., Ainley, D.G., Wahl, T.R. & Pyle, P. 1997. Apex marine predator declines 90% in association with changing oceanic climate. Global Change Biol. 3: 2328.
  • Veit, R.R., Pyle, P. & McGowan, J.A. 1996. Ocean warming and long-term change in pelagic bird abundance within the California Current System. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Series 139: 1118.
  • Visser, M.E., Adriaensen, F., Van Balen, J.H., Blondel, J., Dhondt, A.A., Van Dongen, S., Du Feu, C., Ivankina, E.V., Kerimov, A.B., De Laet, J., Matthysen, E., McCleery, R., Orell, M. & Thomson, D.L. 2003. Variable responses to large-scale climate change in European Parus populations. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 270: 367372.
  • Visser, M.E., Van Noordwijk, A.J., Tinbergen, J.M. & Lessells, C.M. 1998. Warmer springs lead to mistimed reproduction in Great Tits (Parus major). Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 265: 18671870.
  • Walther, G.-R., Post, E., Convey, P., Menzel, A., Parmesan, C., Beebee, T.J.C., Fremont, J.-M. , Hoegh-Guldberg, O. & Bairlein, F. 2002. Ecological responses to recent climate change. Nature 416: 389395.
  • Watkinson, A.R., Gill, J.A. & Hulme, M. 2004. Flying in the face of climate change: a review of climate change, past, present and future. In Rehfisch, M.M., Feare, C.J., Jones, N.V. & Spray, C. (eds) Climate Change and Coastal Birds. Ibis 146 (Suppl.1): S4S10.
  • Watt, A.D., Carey, P.D. & Versham, B.C. 1998. Implications of climate change for biodiversity. In Fleming, L.V., Newton, A.C., Vickery, J.A. & Usher, M.B. (eds) Biodiversity in Scotland: Status, Trends and Initiatives: 147159. Edinburgh: Stationary Office.
  • Winkel, W. & Hudde, H. 1997. Long-term trends in reproductive traits of tits (Parus major, P. caeruleus) and Pied Flycatchers Ficedula hypoleuca. J. Avian Biol. 28: 187190.
  • Winkler, D.W., Dunn, P.O. & McCulloch, C.E. 2002. Predicting the effects of climate change on avian life-history traits. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 99: 1359513599.
  • Wotton, S.R., Carter, I., Cross, A.V., Etheridge, B., Snell, N., Duffy, K., Thorpe, R. & Gregory, R.D. 2002. Red kites Milvus milvus in Britain in 2000. Bird Study 49: 278286.