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We investigated nestling growth of tropical East African Stonechats Saxicola torquata axillaris to evaluate the effects of nest predation, predator presence and food availability. We provided some Stonechat pairs with supplemental food, while others in a similar habitat served as a control. Concomitantly, we assessed the presence of Fiscal Shrikes Lanius collaris in supplemental fed and unsupplemented territories. Fiscal Shrikes prey on adult Stonechats and nestlings. We found that nestling growth was considerably reduced in Stonechat pairs that shared their territory with a Shrike. This effect was greater in nestlings of pairs that did not receive supplemental food. The reduction in nestling growth rates was significantly correlated with a reduced rate of visiting by the parents. Behavioural observations further suggested that parents reduced their feeding visits to the nest presumably to minimize their own predation risk, rather than predation risk of their brood. Our experiments show that the lower reproductive investment in tropical Stonechats can be attributed to risk-sensitive behaviour of the parents, especially when food is in limited supply.