SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Allen, M. J. and Carter, J.H. (1960) An infra-red optometer to study the accommodation mechanism. Am. J. Optom. Arch. Am. Acad. Optom. 37, 403408.
  • Alpern, M. (1958) Variability of accommodation during steady fixation at various levels of illuminance. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 193197.
  • Arnulf, A., Dupuy, O. and Flamant, F. (1951a) Les microfluctuations d' accommodation de l‘ oeil et l’ acuité visuelle pour les diamétres pupillaires naturels. C.R. Hebd. seanc. Acad. Sci. Paris 232, 349350.
  • Arnulf, A., Dupuy, O. and Flamant, F. (1951b) Les microfluctuations de l‘oeil et leur influence sur l’ image retinienne. C.R. Hebd. seanc. Acad. Sci. Paris 232, 438450.
  • Arnulf, A., Dupuy, O. and Flamant, F. (1955) Les microfluctuations de l' oeil. Ann. d' Optique Oculaire 3, 109118.
  • Arnulf, A. and Dupuy, O. (1960) Contribution a l'étude des microfluctuations d'accommodation de l'oeil. Rev. Opt. (Paris) 39, 195208.
  • Arnulf, A., Santamaria, J. and Bescós, J. (1977) El sistema optico del ojo primer escalon de la sensacion visual. El optico profesional 191, 1320.
  • Arnulf, A., Santamaria, J. and Bescós, J. (1978) Cinematographic recording of retinal images. New contributions to the study of microfluctuations of the accommodation. In Proceedings of the ICO-11 Conference, Madrid, Spain pp. 4750.
  • Arnulf, A., Santamaria, J. and Bescós, J. (1981) A cinematograph method for the dynamic study of the image formation by the human eye. Microfluctuations of the accommodation. J. Optics (Paris) 12, 123128.
  • Berny, F. (1969) Etude de la formation des images rétiniennes et determination de l'aberration de sphericité de l'oeil humain. Vision Res. 9, 977990.
  • Berny, F. and Slansky, S. (1970) Wavefront determination resulting from Foucault test as applied to the human eye and visual instruments. In Optical Instruments and Techniques (ed. Home, J.), pp. 375386. Newcastle upon Tyne, Oriel .
  • Bobier, W.R. and Sivak, J.G. (1983) Orthoptic treatment of subjects showing slow accommodative responses. Am. J. Optom. Physiol. Opt. 60, 678687.
  • Bour, L.J. (1981) The influence of the spatial distribution of a target on the dynamic response and fluctuations of the accommodation of the human eye. Vision Res. 21, 12871296.
  • Campbell, F.W. (1960a) Correlation of accommodation between the two eyes. J. Opt. Sc. Am. 50, 738.
  • Campbell, F.W. (1960b) The accommodation response of the human eye. Br. J. Physiol. Opt. 16, 188203.
  • Campbell, F.W. and Robson, J.G. (1959) High-speed infra-red optometer. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 268272.
  • Campbell, F.W. and Westheimer, G. (1958) Sensitivity of the eye to differences in focus. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 143, 18P.
  • Campbell, F.W. and Westheimer, G. (1959) Factors influencing the accommodation responses of the human eye. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 568571.
  • Campbell, F.W. and Westheimer, G. (1960) Dynamics of the accommodation responses of the human eye. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 151, 285295.
  • Campbell, F.W. Westheimer, G. and Robson, J.G. (1958) Significance of fluctuations of accommodation. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 669.
  • Campbell, F.W., Robson, J.G. and Westheimer, G. (1959) Fluctuations of accommodation under steady viewing conditions. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 145, 579594.
  • Charman, W.N. (1983) The retinal image in the human eye. In Progress in Retinal Research (eds Osborne, N. and Chader, G.), Vol. 2, pp. 150. Oxford , Pergamon.
  • Charman, W.N. and Heron, G. (1975) A simple infra-red optometer for accommodation studies. Br. J. Physiol. Opt. 30, 112.
  • Charman, W.N. and Tucker, J. (1978) Accommodation as a function of object form. Am. J. Optom. Physiol. Opt. 55, 8492.
  • Chin, N.B. and Horn, R.E. (1956) Infra-red skiascopic measurements of refractive changes in dim illumination and in darkness. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 6066.
  • Ciuffreda, K.J. and Hokoda, S.C. (1983) Spatial frequency dependence of accommodative responses in amblyopic eyes. Vision Res. 23, 15851594.
  • Ciuffreda, K.J. and Rumpf, D. (1985) Contrast and accommodation in amblyopia. Vision Res. 25, 14451457.
  • Ciuffreda, K.J., Hokoda, S.C., Hung, G.K., Semmlow, J.L. and Selenow, A. (1983) Static aspects of accommodation in human amblyopia. Am. J. Optom. Physiol. Opt. 60, 436449.
  • Collins, G. (1937) The Electronic Refractometer. Br. J. Physiol. Opt. 1, 3042.
  • Crane, H.D. (1966) A Theoretical Analysis of the Visual Accommodation System in Humans. Report NASA CR-606. Washington D.C. , NASA.
  • Denieul, P. (1978) Dynamic study of microfluctuations of accommodation with a high sensitive infrared optometer. In Optica Hoy y Manana, Proceedings of the ICO-11 Conference, Madrid, pp. 5154.
  • Denieul, P. (1980) Etude des fluctuations d‘accommodation de l’ oeil par Optométrie Infra Rouge Thèse, L' Université de Paris-Sud.
  • Denieul, P. (1982a) Effects of stimulus vergence on mean accommodation response, microfluctuations of accommodation and optical quality of the human eye. Vision Res. 22, 561569.
  • Denieul, P. (1982b) Influence de la dimension des tests sur l'accommodation. L'Optométrie 28, 1213.
  • Denieul, P. and Simon, J. (1977) Optomètre enregistreur des microfluctuations d'accommodation. Vision Res. 17, 11151124.
  • Denieul, P. and Corno, F. (1986) Accommodation et contraste. L'Optométrie 32, 48.
  • Fender, D. H. (1964) Control mechanisms of the eye. Sci. Am. 211, 2423.
  • Fincham, E. F. (1937) The mechanism of accommodation. Br. J. Ophthal. Monograph Suppl. VIII, 380.
  • Fisher, R. F. (1969a) Elastic constants of the human lens capsule. J. Physiol. 201, 119.
  • Fisher, R. F. (1969b) The significance of the shape of the lens and capsular energy changes in accommodation. J. Physiol. 201, 2147.
  • Fisher, R. F. (1971) The elastic constants of the human lens. J. Physiol. 212, 147180.
  • Fisher, R. F. (1977) The force of contraction of the human ciliary muscle during accommodation. J. Physiol. 270, 5174.
  • Heath, G. G. (1962) The Time Course of Night and Space Myopia. Technical Document Report AMRL-TDR-62–80, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio .
  • Hennessy, R. T., Iida, T., Shiina, K. and Leibowitz, H. W. (1976) The effect of pupil size on accommodation. Vision Res. 16, 587589.
  • Heron, G. (1972) A Study of Accommodation using an Infra-red Optometer. MSc Thesis, University of Manchester, UK .
  • Hokoda, S.C. and Ciuffreda, K. J. (1986) Different rates and amounts of vision function recovery during orthoptic therapy in an older strabismic amblyope. Ophthal. Physiol. Opt. 6, 213220.
  • Hung, G. K., Semmlow, J. L. and Ciuffreda, K. J. (1982) Accommodative oscillation can enhance average accommodative response: a simulation study. IEEE Trans. Syst. Man. Cybern. SMC-12, 594598.
  • Hung, G. K., Ciuffreda, K. J., Semmlow, J. L. and Hokoda, S. C. (1983) Model of static accommodative behaviour in human amblyopia. IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. BME-30, 665671.
  • Kotulak, J. C. and Schor, C. M. (1986a) Temporal variations in accommodation during steady-state conditions. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A.3, 223227.
  • Kotulak, J. C. and Schor, C. M. (1986b) The accommodative response to subthreshold blur and to perceptual fading during the Troxler phenomenon. Perception 15, 715.
  • Krueger, H. (1973) An apparatus for continuous, objective measurement of refraction of the human eye. Optica Acta 20, 277285.
  • Krueger, H. (1978) Schwankungen der Akkommodation des menschlichen Auges bei mon- und binokular Beobachtung, Albrecht v. Graefes. Arch. Klin. Exp. Ophthal. 205, 129133.
  • Kruger, P. B. and Pola, J. (1986) Stimuli for accommodation: blur, chromatic aberration and size. Vision Res. 26, 957971.
  • Ludlam, W. M., Wittenberg, S., Giglio, E.J. and Rosenberg, R. (1968) Accommodative responses to small changes in dioptric stimulus. Am. J. Optom. Arch. Am. Acad. Optom. 45, 483506.
  • Miege, C. and Denieul, P. (1988) Mean response and oscillations of accommodation for various stimulus vergences and feedback control of the accommodative system. Ophthal. Physiol. Opt. 8, 165711.
  • Millodot, M. (1968) Effet des microfluctuations de l'laccommodation sur l'acuité visuelle. Vision Res. 8, 7380.
  • O'Neill, W. D. and Stark, L. (1968) Triple function ocular monitor. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 570573.
  • Otto, J. and Safra, D. (1975) Ergenbnisse objektiver Akkommodationsmessungen an Augen mit permanentem funktionell bedingtem Zentralskotom (Amblyopie). Albrecht v. Graefes. Arch. Klin. Exp. Ophthalmol. 194, 209217.
  • Phillips, S. and Stark, L. (1977) Blur: a sufficient accommodative stimulus. Doc. Ophthalmol. 43, 6589.
  • Ripps, H., Chin, N. B., Siegel, I. M. and Breinin, G. M. (1962) The effect of pupil size on accommodation, convergence and the AC/A ratio. Invest. Ophthalmol. 1, 127135.
  • Santamaria, J., Plaza, A. and Bescós, J. (1984) Dynamic recording of the binocular point spread function of the eyes optical system. Optica Applicata 14, 341347.
  • Schor, C. M., Johnson, C. A. and Post, R. B. (1984) Adaptation of tonic accommodation. Ophthal. Physiol. Opt 4, 133137.
  • Smithline, L. M. (1974) Accommodative response to blur. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 15121516.
  • Stark, L. (1968) Neurological Control Systems: Studies in Bioengineering. New York , Plenum Press.
  • Stark, L. and Takahashi, Y. (1965) Absence of an odd-error signal mechanism in human accommodation. IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. BME-12, 138146.
  • Stark, L. and Takahashi, Y. (1965) Absence of an odd-error signal mechanism in human accommodation. IEEE Trans. Syst. Sci. Cyber. SSC-1, 7583.
  • Stark, L., Ciuffreda, K. J., Grisham, J. D., Kenyon, R. V., Liu, J. and Polse, K. (1984) Accommodative disfiacility presenting as intermittent exotropia. Ophthal. Physiol. Opt. 4, 233244.
  • Troelstra, A., Zuber, B. L., Miller, D. and Stark, L. (1964) Accommodative tracking, a trial and error function. Vision Res. 4, 584594.
  • Tucker, J. and Charman, W. N. (1979) Reaction and response times for ocular accommodation. Am. J. Optom. Physiol. Optics 56, 490503.
  • Tucker, J., Charman, W. N. and Ward, P. A. (1986) Modulation dependence of the accommodation response to sinusoidal gratings. Vision Res. 26, 16931707.
  • Ukai, K., Ishii, M. and Ishikawa, S. (1986) A quasi-static study of accommodation in amblyopia. Ophthal Physiol. Opt. 6, 287295.
  • Usui, S. and Stark, L. (1978) Sensory and motor mechanisms interact to control amplitude of pupil noise, Vision Res. 18, 505507.
  • Ward, P.A. and Charman, W. N. (1985) Effect of pupil size on steady-state accommodation. Vision Res 25, 13171326.
  • Westheimer, G. (1975) Accommodation measurements in empty visula fields. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 714718.
  • Whiteside, T. C. D. (1957) Problems of Vision at High Altitudes, p. 193. London , Butterworths.
  • Wood, I. C. J. and Tomlinson, A. (1975) The accommodative response in amblyopia. Am. J. Optom. Physiol. Opt. 52, 243247.