Nearwork-induced transient myopia (NITM) and permanent myopia – is there a link?
Article first published online: 12 MAR 2008
© 2008 The Authors
Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics
Volume 28, Issue 2, pages 103–114, March 2008
How to Cite
Ciuffreda, K. J. and Vasudevan, B. (2008), Nearwork-induced transient myopia (NITM) and permanent myopia – is there a link?. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 28: 103–114. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-1313.2008.00550.x
- Issue published online: 12 MAR 2008
- Article first published online: 12 MAR 2008
- Received: 9 July 2007 Revised form: 3 October 2007 Accepted: 14 October 2007
- nearwork-induced transient myopia;
- retinal defocus
Myopia is a worldwide public health problem. However, its understanding is incomplete, and many of its preventative and therapeutic aspects remain controversial. Nearwork is a primary, environmentally based factor in the aetiology of permanent myopia (PM), with nearwork-induced transient myopia (NITM) being a possible contributory component. A relationship between PM and NITM has been suggested, but that connection has remained somewhat indirect and elusive. However, based on recent converging evidence from clinical, laboratory and modelling studies, a five-fold argument will be advanced for a possible link between PM and NITM.