Present address: Embrapa Soja, C.Postal 231, 86001-970 Londrina PR Brazil.
Gradients in N-cycling attributes along forestry and agricultural land-use systems are indicative of soil capacity for N supply
Article first published online: 20 JUN 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2012 British Society of Soil Science
Soil Use and Management
Volume 28, Issue 3, pages 292–298, September 2012
How to Cite
FAGOTTI, D. S. L., MIYAUCHI, M. Y. H., OLIVEIRA, A. G., SANTINONI, I. A., EBERHARDT, D. N., NIMTZ, A., RIBEIRO, R. A., PAULA, A. M., QUEIROZ, C. A. S., ANDRADE, G., ZANGARO, W. and NOGUEIRA, M. A. (2012), Gradients in N-cycling attributes along forestry and agricultural land-use systems are indicative of soil capacity for N supply. Soil Use and Management, 28: 292–298. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-2743.2012.00418.x
- Issue published online: 5 SEP 2012
- Article first published online: 20 JUN 2012
- Received July 2011; accepted after revision April 2012
- Araucaria angustifolia;
- microbial biomass nitrogen;
- Pinus taeda;
- soil enzymes
Indicators of soil quality associated with N-cycling were assessed under different land-use systems (native forest – NAT, reforestation with Araucaria angustifolia or Pinus taeda and agricultural use – AGR) to appraise the effects on the soil potential for N supply. The soil total N ranged from 2 to 4 g/kg (AGR and NAT, respectively), and the microbial biomass N ranged from 80 to 250 mg/kg, being higher in NAT and A. angustifolia, and lower in P. taeda and AGR sites. Activities of asparaginase (ca. 50–200 mg NH4+-N/kg per h), glutaminase (ca. 200–800 mg NH4+-N/kg per h) and urease (ca. 80–200 mg NH4+-N/kg/h) were also more intense in the NAT and A. angustifolia-reforested soils, indicating greater capacity for N mineralization. The NAT and AGR soils showed the highest and the lowest ammonification rate, respectively (ca. 1 and 0.4 mg NH4+-N/kg per day), but the inverse for nitrification rate (ca. 12 and 26%), indicating a low capacity for N supply, in addition to higher risks of N losses in the AGR soil. A multivariate analysis indicated more similarity between NAT and A. angustifolia-reforested sites, whilst the AGR soil was different and associated with a higher nitrification rate. In general, reforestation with the native species A. angustifolia had less impact than reforestation with the exogenous species P. taeda, considering the soil capacity for N supply. However, AGR use caused more changes, generally decrease in indicators of N-cycling, showing a negative soil management effect on the sustainability of this agroecosystem.