Systematic Review of Evidence and Treatment Approaches: Psychosocial and Mental Health Care for Children in War
Article first published online: 16 JAN 2009
© 2008 Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Volume 14, Issue 1, pages 2–14, February 2009
How to Cite
Jordans, M. J.D., Tol, W. A., Komproe, I. H. and De Jong, J. V.T.M. (2009), Systematic Review of Evidence and Treatment Approaches: Psychosocial and Mental Health Care for Children in War. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 14: 2–14. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-3588.2008.00515.x
- Issue published online: 16 JAN 2009
- Article first published online: 16 JAN 2009
- Systematic review;
- low- and middle-income countries;
- mental health;
Background: There is a growing body of literature on interventions addressing psychosocial wellbeing and mental health of children affected by violence in low- and middle-income countries.
Methods: This systematic review of PubMed, PsychINFO, and PILOTS identified 500 publications (1991–2008) on interventions.
Results: Sixty-six publications (12 treatment outcome studies and 54 intervention descriptions, covering a range of treatment modalities) met inclusion criteria. Most interventions are evaluated positively, while some studies lack evidence for efficacy and effectiveness.
Conclusion: Scarcity of rigorous studies, diversity of interventions, and mixed results of evaluations demonstrate a need to identify evidence-based interventions. The literature presents consensus on a number of treatment-related issues, yet the application remains limited across interventions.