Background: Relatively few treatment studies address mental health issues in very young children. This study examined the effectiveness of a treatment program for toddlers whose behaviour problems were further complicated by living in poverty.
Method: An evidence-based treatment program was adapted for use in the homes of 102 toddlers for an average of 12 weekly sessions.
Results: Significant improvements were found for the children’s behaviour problems and their compliance to parent requests.
Discussion: The inherent challenges in working with at-risk families and the challenges in delivering mental health services for very young children living in poverty are discussed.