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Keywords:

  • Toddlers;
  • behaviour problems;
  • delays;
  • poverty;
  • treatment

Background:  Relatively few treatment studies address mental health issues in very young children. This study examined the effectiveness of a treatment program for toddlers whose behaviour problems were further complicated by living in poverty.

Method:  An evidence-based treatment program was adapted for use in the homes of 102 toddlers for an average of 12 weekly sessions.

Results:  Significant improvements were found for the children’s behaviour problems and their compliance to parent requests.

Discussion:  The inherent challenges in working with at-risk families and the challenges in delivering mental health services for very young children living in poverty are discussed.