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Preventing Adolescent Depression in Mauritius: A Universal School-Based Program



Background:  This study evaluated the efficacy of a universal prevention program for adolescent depresssion implemented by school teachers in Mauritius.

Method:  160 adolescents were randomly assigned to the prevention program or wait-list.

Results:  Decreased depressive symptoms for the intervention condition were found post-intervention, but not at follow-up. Significant changes in self-esteem and coping skills were seen both post-intervention and at the follow-up.

Conclusions:  The results, drawing from a culturally diverse population, suggest that universal programs such as RAP-A may be better seen as promoting positive mental health, rather than having direct prevention or intervention effects on clinical problems.

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